As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
þvinga Old Norse word can mean:
- að, [O. H. G. dwingan; mid.H. G. twinge; Germ. zwingen; Dan. tvinge; þvinga and þungr (q. v.) are, we believe, kindred words]:—to weigh down, oppress; þvingar móðrinn harði, a grief weighs me down, Skáld H. 7. 9; mig hefir þvingað manna lát, 5. 14; sárliga þvinguð, Mirm. (Ed.) 210.
- II. reflex., en vér þvingumz á sex dögum ok þrjátigi, Stj. 148; þenna mann þvingaðan mörgum hugrenningum, burdened with many concerns, Th. 2; móðurinnar kvið, svá sem hann er þvingaðr (loaded) ok fullr af burðinum, Stj. 80. This word is rare in old writers, but freq. in mod. usage since the Reformation. The metaph. sense, to compel, has been introduced through the Germ. word.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚦᚢᛁᚾᚴᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
- O. H. G.
- Old High German.
- q. v.
- quod vide.
- frequent, frequently.
- metaphorical, metaphorically.
Works & Authors cited:
- Mirmants Saga. (G. II.)
- Skáld H.
- Skáld Helga-rímur. (A. III.)
- Stjórn. (F. I.)
- Theophilus. (F. III.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.