As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- njörðr (njǫrðr)
- m., gen. Njarðar, dat. Nirði, [cp. Nerthus, the goddess in Tacit. Germ. ch. 40; a similar worship is in the Northern account, FmS. ii. 73–78, attributed to Njord’s son Frey]:—Njorð, one of the old Northern gods, father of Frey and Freyja; about whom see Vþm. 38, 39, Gm. 16, LS. 33, 34, Edda passim: Njord was the god of riches and traffic, hence the phrase, auðigr sem Njörðr, wealthy as Njord, a Croesus, FS. 80. The name remains in Njarðar-vöttr, m. Njord’s glove, i. e. a sponge, Matth. xxvii. 48, freq. in mod. usage, and that it was so in olden times is seen from the words, þessa figúru köllum vér Njarðar-vött í skáldskap, this figure (a kind of antonomasia) we call Njord’s glove, Skálda 196: in local names, Njarð-vík, in eastern Icel., q. v.; Njarðar-lög and Njarð-ey, in Norway; cp. also njarð-láss, njarð-gjörð. In old Icel. translations of classical legends Njord is taken to represent Saturn, Bret., Clem. S. passim.
Orthography: The Cleasby & Vigfusson book used letter ö to represent the original Old Norse vowel ǫ. Therefore, njörðr may be more accurately written as njǫrðr.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚾᛁᚢᚱᚦᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- frequent, frequently.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- i. e.
- id est.
- q. v.
- quod vide.
Works & Authors cited:
- Breta Sögur. (G. I.)
- Clements Saga. (F. III.)
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
- Grímnis-mál. (A. I.)
- Loka-senna. (A. I.)
- Skálda. (H. I.)
- Vafþrúðnis-mál. (A. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.