As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- að, dimin. from morð, to mangle: in the phrase, murka lífið úr e-m, to rack the life out of one.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛘᚢᚱᚴᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements