KvernOld Norse Dictionary - kvern
Meaning of Old Norse word "kvern" in English.
As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
kvern Old Norse word can mean:
- f., gen. kvernar, but the mod. form kvörn, gen. kvarnar; [Ulf. qairnus, Mark ix. 42; A. S. cwyrn; Old Engl. quern; O. H. G. quirn; Dan. kværn; Swed. quarn]:—a handmill; þar sat kona við kvern, FmS. vii. 233; ok und kvernum klaka, LS. 44; era þat karls-ætt er á kvernum stendr, Hkv. 2. 2; bondwomen used to turn the handmills, and the turning of the quern was, as it still is in Icel., where every farm has its handmill, accompanied by singing a song, see esp. the Millsong in the Edda (Gróttasöngr), 78 sqq.
- 2. metaph. an eddy or whirlpool in a river is called kvern, agreeably to the legend popular among all ancient Teut. people of a wonder mill grinding salt at the bottom of the sea, such as the famous mill Grótti, in the old Danish story of king Frode, which ground gold and peace, and at last the sea salt.
- COMPDS: kvernarauga, kverná, kvernberg, Kvernbítr, kvernfoss, kvernhús, kvernsteinn, kvernstæði.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚴᚢᛁᚱᚾ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- A. S.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- O. H. G.
- Old High German.
- metaphorical, metaphorically.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Works & Authors cited:
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
- Loka-senna. (A. I.)
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This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.