As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
kenning Old Norse word can mean:
- f. doctrine, teaching, lesson, esp. of preaching, Fms. i. 148; kenna kenningar, to teach, preach, 625. 24, K. Á. 22, Bs. i. 140, n. T., Vídal.; tíðagörð ok k., passim; á-kenning, q. v.; viðr-k., acknowledgment.
- 2. a mark of recognition, Grett. 132 A; kenningar-orð, words of admonition, Hkr. iii. 23, Fb. iii. 279; kenningar-maðr = kennimaðr, Rb. 366; kenningar-sveinn, an apprentice, n. G. l. ii. 204.
- II. a poetical periphrasis or descriptive name (see kenna A. v. 2), Edda passim, opp. to ókennd heiti (simple appellatives); a kenning is either simple (kennt), double (tví-kennt), or triple (rekit). The ancient circumlocutions were either drawn from mythology, as to call Thor the son of Earth (Jarðar sunr), and the heaven the skull of Ymir; or from the thing itself (sann-kenning), as to call the breast the mind’s abode: similar phraseology is found in all ancient poetry, but in the old northern poets it was carried farther and was more artificial than in other languages.
- COMPDS: kenningarfaðir, kenningarnafn, kenningarson.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚴᛁᚾᚾᛁᚾᚴ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- q. v.
- quod vide.
Works & Authors cited:
- Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- K. Á.
- Kristinn-réttr Árna biskups. (B. III.)
- N. T.
- New Testament.
- Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
- Grettis Saga. (D. II.)
- Heimskringla. (E. I.)
- N. G. L.
- Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
- Rímbegla. (H. III.)
- Edda. (C. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.