As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- kaup-höndlan (kaup-hǫndlan)
- f. [Germ. handling], trade, (mod.)
Orthography: The Cleasby & Vigfusson book used letter ö to represent the original Old Norse vowel ǫ. Therefore, kaup-höndlan may be more accurately written as kaup-hǫndlan.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚴᛅᚢᛒ-ᚼᚢᚾᛏᛚᛅᚾ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements