ÍkorniOld Norse Dictionary - íkorni
Meaning of Old Norse word "íkorni" in English.
As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- a, m. a squirrel. This word is undoubtedly, as Grimm suggests (S. v. eichhorn), not of Teut. origin, but a popular corruption of the Gr. σκί-ουρος (= shade-tail), from which word all mod. European languages have borrowed the name of this animal; A. S. âcvern; early Dutch êncoren; Dutch eekhoren, eikhoren, inkhoren; O. H. G., mid. H. G., and Germ. eichorne, eichorn; Dan. egern; Swed. ickorn, ekorre: in the Romance languages, old Fr. escuriere; Fr. ecureuil; Ital. schiriuolo; whence Engl. squirrel. The word íkorni occurs in the heathen poem Gm., but the word is outside the metre, spoiling the flow of the verse, and was no doubt added afterwards; therefore, instead of ‘Rata-töskr heitir íkorni | er renna skal,’ read ‘Rata-töskr heitir | er renna skal.’ Perhaps the ancient Scandin. name of the animal was töskr, akin to Engl. tusk, A. S. tux, from its sharp teeth, and then Rati (= the climber?) would in the verse be the pr. name, töskr the appellative of that animal; and thus Rata-töskr would stand for Ratitöskr = Rati the squirrel; see also Edda, Ó. H. 85, SkS. 115, Gþl. 448.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᚴᚢᚱᚾᛁ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- A. S.
- French in etymologies.
- idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
- mid. H. G.
- middle High German.
- O. H. G.
- Old High German.
- proper, properly.
- Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
- s. v.
- sub voce.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Works & Authors cited:
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Fritzner’s Dictionary, 1867.
- Grímnis-mál. (A. I.)
- Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
- Ó. H.
- Ólafs Saga Helga. (E. I.)
- Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.