As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- fjörð (fjǫrð)
- or fjorð, adv. [early Germ. fert, used by Luther, but obsolete in mod. Germ.; Swed. and Dan. fjord; cp. Sansk. parut]:—the past year; in Icel. this word is obsolete, and scarcely ever occurs in old prose writers; but the mod. ‘í fyrra’ is derived or corrupted from an older phrase ‘í fjörð,’ which is still used all over the Scandin. continent; in D. n. ‘í fjörð’ repeatedly occurs, cp. Fr.; the ‘fjörð’ in the following passages—Hkr. i. 186, Fms. ii. 328, vi. 88, Fs. 95 (Hallfred), all of them poems of the 10th and 11th centuries—is doubtless to be taken in this sense; and the explanation given in Lex. Pool., s. v. fjörð and following, cannot be right.
Orthography: The Cleasby & Vigfusson book used letter ö to represent the original Old Norse vowel ǫ. Therefore, fjörð may be more accurately written as fjǫrð.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚠᛁᚢᚱᚦ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- French in etymologies.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
- s. v.
- sub voce.
Works & Authors cited:
- D. N.
- Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Fritzner’s Dictionary, 1867.
- Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
- Heimskringla. (E. I.)