Finnar

Old Norse Dictionary - finnar

Meaning of Old Norse word "finnar" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

finnar Old Norse word can mean:

finnar
m. the Finns and Lapps; Finnr, m. a Finn; Finna and Finn-kona, u, f. a Finn woman, FmS. x. 378; Finn-mörk, f. Finmark, FmS. passim; Finnland, n. Finland; Finnlendingar, m. pl. the Finns; the name Lapps only occurs in Orkn. ch. 1. and Ann. of the 14th century; Finn-ferð or Finn-för, f. or Finn-kaup, n. travelling or trading with the Finns or Lapps, FmS. vii, Eg. 25, Hkr. ii. 162; Finn-skattr, m. tribute paid by the Finns, Eg. 53, FmS. vi. 377; Finn-skref, n. cargo in a Finn merchant ship, FaS. ii. 515. 516; Finnskr, adj. Finnic, Lapp, etc., vide Fms, passim. The trade with the Finns or Lapps was in old times regarded as a royal monopoly, cp. esp. Eg. ch. 10, 14. Ó. H. ch. 122, Har. S. harðr. ch. 104, 106. and the deeds and laws passim.
finnar
II. again the Finns or Lapps were in old times notorious for sorcery, hence the very names Finn and sorcerer became synonymous, cp. Vd. ch. 12, Landn. 3. 2, Har. S. hárf. ch. 25, 34, Hkr. Ól. S. Tr. ch. 36; the law forbids to believe in Finns or witchcraft (trúa á Finn eðr fordæður), n. G. l. i. 389, 403:—often in the phrase, Finn-ferð, f. going to the Finns; fara Finn-farar, f. pl. (n. G. l. i. 350) and fara á Finn-mörk at spyrja spá (352) are used like Germ. ‘to go to the Blocksberg;’ Finn-vitka, að, to ‘Finn-witch,’ i. e. bewitch like a Finn, Fb. ii. 78; Finn-bólur, f. pl. or Finnar, m. pl., medic. ‘Finn-pox,’ pustules in the face,l. ix. 209; Finn-brækr, f. pl. ‘Finn-breeks,’ wizard-breeks, concerning which see Maurer’s Volkssagen.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚠᛁᚾᚾᛅᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

adj.
adjective.
ch.
chapter.
cp.
compare.
esp.
especially.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
S.
Saga.
gen.
genitive.
Germ.
German.
i. e.
id est.
L.
Linnæus.
medic.
medicine, medically.

Works & Authors cited:

Ann.
Íslenzkir Annálar. (D. IV.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Ó. H.
Ólafs Saga Helga. (E. I.)
Fb.
Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Fél.
Félags-rit.
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Vd.
Vatnsdæla Saga. (D. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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