EyktOld Norse Dictionary - eykt
Meaning of Old Norse word "eykt" in English.
As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
eykt Old Norse word can mean:
- eykð, f. three or half-past three o’clock P. m.; many commentaries have been written upon this word, as by Pal Vídalín Skýr., Finn Johnson in H. E. i. 153 sqq. note 6, and in Horologium, etc. The time of eykð is clearly defined in K. Þ. K. 92 as the time when the sun has past two parts of the ‘útsuðr’ (q. v.) and has one part left, that is to say, half-past three o’clock P. m.: it thus nearly coincides with the eccl. Lat. nona (three o’clock P. m.); and both eykt and nona are therefore used indiscriminately in some passageS. Sunset at the time of ‘eykð’ is opposed to sunrise at the time of ‘dagmál,’ q. v. In Norway ‘ykt’ means a luncheon taken about half-past three o’clock. But the passage in Edda—that autumn ends and winter begins at sunset at the time of eykt—confounded the commentators, who believed it to refer to the conventional Icel. winter, which (in the old style) begins with the middle of October, and lasts six monthS. In the latitude of Reykholt—the residence of Snorri—the sun at this time sets about half-past four. Upon this statement the commentators have based their reasoning both in regard to dagmál and eykt, placing the eykt at half-past four P. m. and dagmál at half-past seven A. m., although this contradicts the definition of these terms in the law. The passage in Edda probably came from a foreign source, and refers not to the Icel. winter but to the astronomical winter, viz. the winter solstice or the shortest day; for sunset at half-past three is suited not to Icel., but to the latitude of Scotland and the southern parts of Scandinavia. The word is also curious from its bearing upon the discovery of America by the ancients, vide Fb. l. c. This sense (half-past three) is now obsolete in Icel., but eykt is in freq. use in the sense of trihorium, a time of three hours; whereas in the oldest Sagas no passage has been found bearing this sense,—the BS. i. 385, 446, and Hem. l. c. are of the 13th and 14th centurieS. In Norway ykt is freq. used metaph. of all the four meal times in the day, morning-ykt, midday-ykt, afternoon-ykt (or ykt proper), and even-ykt. In old MSS. (Grág., K. Þ. K., Hem., Heið. S.) this word is always spelt eykð or eykþ, shewing the root to be ‘auk’ with the fem. inflex. added; it probably first meant the eke-meal, answering to Engl. lunch, and thence came to mean the time of day at which this meal was taken. The eccl. law dilates upon the word, as the Sabbath was to begin at ‘hora nona;’ hence the phrase, eykt-helgr dagr (vide below). The word can have no relation to átta, eight, or átt, plaga coeli. At present Icel. say, at eykta-mótum, adv. at great intervals, once an eykt, once in three hours.
- I. half-past three; þá er eykð er útsuðrs-átt er deild í þriðjunga, ok hefir sól gengna tvá hluti en einn ógenginn, K. Þ. K. 92; net skal öll upp taka fyrir eykð, 90; helgan dag eptir eykð, 88; ef þeir hafa unnit á eykð, 94; enda skal hann undan honum hafa boðit fyrir miðjan dag en hinn skal hafa kosit at eykþ, Grág. i. 198; ok á maðr kost at stefna fyrir eykþ ef vill, 395; í þat mund dags er tók út eyktina, FmS. xi. 136; eptir eykt dags, rendering of the Lat. ‘vix decima parte diei reliqua,’ Róm. 313; þeir gengu til eyktar, ok höfðu farit árla morguns, en er nón var dags, etc., FS. 176; at eykð dags þá kómu heim húskarlar Barða. Ísl. ii. 329; nú vættir mik at þar komi þér nær eykð dags, 345; var þat nær eykð dags, 349; var hón at veraldligu verki þangat til er kom eykð, þá fór hón til bænar sinnar at nóni, Hom. (St.) 59.
- COMPDS: eykðarhelgr, eyktarstaðr, eykðartíð.
- II. trihorium; en er liðin var nær ein eykt dags, BS. i. 446; at þat mundi verit hafa meir en hálf eykt, er hann vissi ekki til sín, 385; þessi flaug vanst um eina eykð dags, Hem. (Hb.)
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᚢᚴᛏ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- et cetera.
- frequent, frequently.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- l. c.
- loco citato.
- metaphorical, metaphorically.
- q. v.
- quod vide.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Works & Authors cited:
- A. M.
- Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
- Grágás. (B. I.)
- H. E.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiae. (J. I.)
- Heið. S.
- Heiðarvíga Saga. (D. II.)
- Hemings-þáttr. (C. H.)
- K. Þ. K.
- Kristinn-réttr Þorláks ok Ketils = Kristinna-laga-þáttr. (B. I.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
- Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
- Rómverja Saga. (E. II.)
- Hauks-bók. (H. IV.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.