As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
- m. a love token. Elska never occurs as a verb or noun in old heathen poets; Arnor is the first poet on record who uses it; old writers prefer using ást; with Christianity, and esp. since the Reformation, it gained ground; ἀγαπαν of the n. T. is usually rendered by elska (to love) and ἀγάπη by elska (love) or kærleiki (chanty); so, mann-elska, humanity, kindness.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᛚᛋᚴᚢ-ᚢᛅᛏᛏᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
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Works & Authors cited:
- N. T.
- New Testament.