Ella

Old Norse Dictionary - ella

Meaning of Old Norse word "ella" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

ella
adv., in Norse laws freq. ellar, and so in FmS. vi. 214, vii. 17, 115, etc.; in mod. Icel. usage ellegar; elligar, Ó. H., Grág., Mork., passim, etc., which seems to be the original form, qs. ell-vegar, ‘other-ways,’ cp. þann-ig, hinn-ig, einn-ig; ella, though it is the usual form in the MSS., would be an apocopated form, the r being dropt: [A. S. elles; Engl. else; Swed. eljest; cp. Lat. alius, Gr. αλλος]:—else, otherwise; er yðr nú annat-hvárt til at leggja í brott þegar, ella búisk þér við sem skjótast, Nj. 44; en þann þeirra e. er réttari er, Grág. i. 78; en ella jamt skerða sem at skuldadómi, 84; ella liggr á þér víti, FmS. iv. 27; hann hét vináttu sinni ef þessu vildi játa en elligar afarkostum, Ó. H. 141; ella man ek láta drepa þik, Nj. 74; eða—ella, orelse, FmS. vi. 196 (in a verse); eða heit hvers manns níðingr ella, or else be called the ‘nithing’ of every man, Nj. 176; eða drepit hann ella, FmS. xi. 100; eðr stökki hann af eignum sínum ellar, vii. 17.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᛚᛚᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

adv.
adverb.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
cp.
compare.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
gl.
glossary.
Gr.
Greek.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
mod.
modern.
qs.
quasi.
S.
Saga.
Swed.
Swedish.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Mork.
Morkinskinna. (E. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Ó. H.
Ólafs Saga Helga. (E. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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