Elfr

Old Norse Dictionary - elfr

Meaning of Old Norse word "elfr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

elfr Old Norse word can mean:

elfr
f., gen. elfar, acc. dat. elfi,
elfr
1. a pr. name of the three rivers called Elbe, Lat. Albis, viz. Gaut-Elfr, the Elb of the Gauts (a Scandin. people) = the River Gotha of the present time; Sax-E., the Elb of the Saxons, the Elbe; Raum-E., the Elb of the Raums (a people in Norway), i. e. the present Glommen and Wormen, Bær. 3, Nj. 42. Fms. i. 6, ii. 128, iii. 40, iv. 121, ix. 350, 393, 401, x. 292: Elfar-bakki, the bank of one of these Elbes, Bær. 3, Fms. ix. 269, 274; Elfinar-bakki, Fms. i. 19;, of the river Ochil in Scotland, is a false reading = Ekkjals-bakki, vide Orkn. 12.
elfr
COMPDS: Elfargrímar, Elfarkvíslir, Elfarsker.
elfr
2. meton. used of any great river, (rare in Icel. but freq. in mod. Dan.)

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᛚᚠᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
dat.
dative.
f.
feminine.
gen.
genitive.
n.
neuter.
i. e.
id est.
Lat.
Latin.
pr.
proper, properly.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
v.
vide.
viz.
namely.
Dan.
Danish.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l.
line.
meton.
metonomy, metonomically.
mod.
modern.

Works & Authors cited:

Bær.
Bærings Saga. (G. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Back