Ekkja

Old Norse Dictionary - ekkja

Meaning of Old Norse word "ekkja" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

ekkja Old Norse word can mean:

ekkja
u, f. [Swed. enka and Dan. enke shew that the root consonants are nk; this word is peculiar to the Scandin. tongue; even Ulf. renders χήρα by vidovo, which is the Lat. vidua]:—a widow, Grág. i. 108, 306, Blas. 21, Bs. ii. 161, Fas. i. 223; this word (as well as ekkill = Swed. enkling) is no relation to ekki = sobbing, but is derived from einn, one, and an inflexive -ka, like in stúlka, see Gramm. p. xxxii. col. 2. Ekkja originally meant a single woman, a damsel, and is thus used by the ancient poets, e. g. vara sem unga ekkju í öndugi kyssa, Km.; út munu ekkjur líta allsnúðula prúðar, Sighvat; ‘ekkja’ and ‘ung kona’ are synonymous, Ísl. ii. (Gunnl.) in a verse; ekkjan stendr ok undrask áraburð, Lex. Poët. It then came to mean a widow (a single, lone woman, having lost her husband). Ekkja is a word peculiar to all Scandin. languages, old and modern; although, as we believe, it superseded a still older ‘widuwo’ (cp. the Goth., Germ., and Engl.); this change took place at so early a time that no traces are found of that word anywhere in Scandin. speech or writing (cp. Swed. en-ka, Dan. en-ke).
ekkja
COMPDS: ekkjubúnaðr, ekkjudómr, ekkjunafn, ekkjuskapr, ekkjusonr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᚴᚴᛁᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

cp.
compare.
Dan.
Danish.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Goth.
Gothic.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.

Works & Authors cited:

Blas.
Blasius Saga. (F. III.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Km.
Kráku-mál. (A. III.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
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