Efa

Old Norse Dictionary - efa

Meaning of Old Norse word "efa" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

efa Old Norse word can mean:

efa
að, in old writers usually spelt with i, ifa; efa occurs in Nj. 207, Hkr. ii. 326, Sks. 153, Stj. 256, Fms. ii. 42, iii. 115, vi. 184, Al. 43, Grett. 110 A, Bs. ii. 169, etc.; in mod. usage always with e:to doubt, with acc.; engi ifar þat, Fms. x. 319: the phrase, efa sik, to hesitate, Grett. l. c.; skulu þér eigi e. yðr (doubt), at …, Nj. 307: used as neut. to feel a doubt, ifi þér nokkut, at, Fms. v. 38, Hkr. l. c., 623. 33; ifa (efa) um e-t, to doubt about a thing, Hkr. i. 223, Grág. ii. 47, Fms. ii. 283, v. 37, vi. 184.
efa
2. reflex., efask (ifask) í e-u, to doubt or hesitate in a thing; í því má engi maðr ifask, at …, Sks. 272 B; ekki efumk ek í því, 153, Stj. l. c.; Freysteinn efaðisk í, hvárt …, F. was in doubt, whether…, Fms. iii. 115; þér efisk í um þeirra almátt, ii. 42: efask um e-t, to doubt about a thing, x. 392; hvárt ifisk ér um ok hræðisk, Niðrst. 2.
efa
β. absol. to doubt, hesitate, Str. 22; statt upp ok ifask alls ekki, Hom. 119.
efa
γ. with gen., efask e-s, to change one’s mind in a matter, Grág. i. 312, 313.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᚠᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
etc.
et cetera.
l.
line.
l. c.
loco citato.
mod.
modern.
neut.
neuter.
s. v.
sub voce.
v.
vide.
reflex.
retlexive.
absol.
absolute, absolutely.
m.
masculine.
gen.
genitive.
n.
neuter.

Works & Authors cited:

Al.
Alexanders Saga. (G. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Grett.
Grettis Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Niðrst.
Niðrstigningar Saga. (F. III.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
Str.
Strengleikar. (G. II.)
Back