Eðli

Old Norse Dictionary - eðli

Meaning of Old Norse word "eðli" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

eðli Old Norse word can mean:

eðli
n., akin to and derived from óðal, q. v.; old MSS. also always use the form øðli (eyðli, D. I. l. c.), FmS. x. 301, Hom. 47, 118, Greg. 48, O. H. l. 86, Eluc. 16, Hkr. i. 225, Hbl. 9, BS. i. 335, 342; eðli is more modern, but öðli is still preserved:
eðli
1. nature; mannligt e., human nature or character, 623. 19, Eb. 110, FmS. x. 301; náttúrligt e., human condition, Mag. (Fr.); vera í e. sinu, to be in one’s own nature or frame of mind, FS. 59; eptir e., natural, ordinary, FmS. iii. 118; móti e., against nature, extraordinary; með líkindum ok e., Edda 69; undruðusk er jörðin ok dýrin ok fuglarnir höfðu saman e. í sumum hlutum, 144. (pref.); eðli and náttúra (natura) are used synonymously, id.; engla öðli, the nature of angels, Eluc. 16; arnar öðli, the eagle’s nature, Hom. 47; allt mannkyns öðli, Greg. 48; öðrlez (= öðlis) skepna, O. H. l. 86.
eðli
2. birth, origin, extraction, in the alliterative phrases, ætt ok öðli, FmS. i. 149; hann var Valskr (Welsh) at ætt ok eðli, vii. 56; Danskr at öðli, Danish by origin, Hom. 118; nafn ok öðli, name and family, Hbl. 9: the phrase, at alda-öðli, for ever and ever, D. I. i. 266: in mod. usage, frá alda öðli, from the birth of time, from the beginning, only used of ‘past time;’ the Dan. ‘fra Arildstid’ is probably a corruption of the same phrase.
eðli
3. embryo, Lat. fetus, Mar. 156.
eðli
COMPDS: eðlisfræði, eðlishættir, eðlisskapan.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᚦᛚᛁ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
l. c.
loco citato.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
q. v.
quod vide.
S.
Saga.
v.
vide.
f.
feminine.
Fr.
French in etymologies.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
pref.
preface.
Dan.
Danish.
mod.
modern.
Lat.
Latin.

Works & Authors cited:

Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
D. I.
Diplomatarium Islandicum. (J. I.)
Eluc.
Elucidarium. (F. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Greg.
Gregory. (F. II.)
Hbl.
Harbarðs-ljóð. (A. I.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
O. H. L.
Ólafs Saga Helga Legendaria. (E. I.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fr.
Fritzner’s Dictionary, 1867.
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Mag.
Magus Saga. (G. II.)
Mar.
Maríu Saga. (F. III.)
Back