Dvína

Old Norse Dictionary - dvína

Meaning of Old Norse word "dvína" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

dvína
or dvina (in old writers even dvena), að, [North. E. dwyne], to dwindle, pine away; þá dvenar tómr maðr, Hom. 26; dvinar allr þroti (of a tumor), Sks. 235; lét hann eigi dvina kveðandina, Fms. v. 174; þaðan í frá sögðu menn at dvinaði liðveizla Sæmundar við Þorgrím, Sturl. i. 171; görir nú eigi at dvina við, it will not do to saunter, Karl. 380; dvina munda ek láta ferðina, I would let the travelling cease, Fs. 172; heit dvinuðu Heina, their bragging dwindled away, Lex. Poët. In early times this word was probably sounded with an i (short), which may be inferred from the form dvena; and the word was rather common, and occurs rarely. In later times it was ennobled by the frequent use made of it in Pass., and with altered inflexion, viz. an í throughout, the pres. indic. either strong, dvin, or weak, dvínar; thus, hér þegar mannlig hjálpin dvín, Pass. 44. 12; görvöll þá heimsins gleðin dvín, 41. 8; þá æfin lífsins dvín, 36. 10; but holds megn og kraptr dvínar, 44. 1; dvínar og dregst í hlé, 47. 4: infin., sjón og heyrn tekr að dvína, 41. 10.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚢᛁᚾᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

indic.
indicative.
infin.
infinitive.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
North. E.
Northern English.
pres.
present.
s. v.
sub voce.
v.
vide.
viz.
namely.

Works & Authors cited:

Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
Karl.
Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Pass.
Passiu-Sálmar.
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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