As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
dvergr Old Norse word can mean:
- m. [A. S. dveorg; Engl. dwarf; Germ. (irreg.) zwerg; Swed. dverg]
- α. a dwarf; about the genesis of the dwarfs vide Vsp. 6–16, Edda 9: in mod. Icel. lore dwarfs disappear, but remain in local names, as Dverga-steinn, cp. the Dwarfy Stone in Scott’s Pirate, and in several words and phrases: from the belief that the dwarfs lived in rocks, an echo is called dverg-mál, n. (-mali, m.), dwarf-talk, Al. 35, 37, FaS. iii. 369; and dverg-mála, að, to echo: from the skill of the dwarfs in metal-working, a skilful man is called dverg-hagr, adj. (skilled as a dwarf), or dvergr, a dwarf in his art; dverga-smíði, n. dwarf’s-work, i. e. all works of rare art, such as the famous or enchanted swords of antiquity, Hervar. S. ch. 2, FaS. i. 514, ii. 463–466 (Ásmund. S.), Gísl. 80: crystal and prismatic stones are in Norway called either dwarf’s-work or ‘dwarfy-stones,’ as people believe that they are worked out by the dwarfs in the depths of the earth: botan., dverga-sóleyg, f. ranunculus glacialis, Hjalt.
- β. from its dwarfed shape, a dog without a tail is in Icel. called dvergr or dverg-hundr, m., Clar.: short pillars which support the beams and rafters in a house are called ‘dvergar;’ this sense occurs as early as Hom. (St.) 65, and is still in use in some parts of Icel.: the four dwarfs, East, West, North, South, are in the Edda the bearers of heaven, Edda 5.
- γ. ornaments in a lady’s dress worn on the shoulder are called ‘dvergar,’ Rm. 16; smokkr á bringu, dúkr á hálsi, dvergar á öxlum, prob. a kind of brooch. For COMPDS vide above.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚢᛁᚱᚴᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- A. S.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- i. e.
- id est.
Works & Authors cited:
- Alexanders Saga. (G. I.)
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
- Gísla Saga. (D. II.)
- Hervar. S.
- Hervarar Saga. (C. II.)
- Hjaltalín, Icelandic Botany.
- Völuspá. (A. I.)
- Clarus Saga. (G. II.)
- Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
- Rígsmál. (A. II.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.