Dvergr

Old Norse Dictionary - dvergr

Meaning of Old Norse word "dvergr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

dvergr Old Norse word can mean:

dvergr
m. [A. S. dveorg; Engl. dwarf; Germ. (irreg.) zwerg; Swed. dverg]
dvergr
α. a dwarf; about the genesis of the dwarfs vide Vsp. 6–16, Edda 9: in mod. Icel. lore dwarfs disappear, but remain in local names, as Dverga-steinn, cp. the Dwarfy Stone in Scott’s Pirate, and in several words and phrases: from the belief that the dwarfs lived in rocks, an echo is called dverg-mál, n. (-mali, m.), dwarf-talk, Al. 35, 37, FaS. iii. 369; and dverg-mála, að, to echo: from the skill of the dwarfs in metal-working, a skilful man is called dverg-hagr, adj. (skilled as a dwarf), or dvergr, a dwarf in his art; dverga-smíði, n. dwarf’s-work, i. e. all works of rare art, such as the famous or enchanted swords of antiquity, Hervar. S. ch. 2, FaS. i. 514, ii. 463–466 (Ásmund. S.), Gísl. 80: crystal and prismatic stones are in Norway called either dwarf’s-work or ‘dwarfy-stones,’ as people believe that they are worked out by the dwarfs in the depths of the earth: botan., dverga-sóleyg, f. ranunculus glacialis, Hjalt.
dvergr
β. from its dwarfed shape, a dog without a tail is in Icel. called dvergr or dverg-hundr, m., Clar.: short pillars which support the beams and rafters in a house are called ‘dvergar;’ this sense occurs as early as Hom. (St.) 65, and is still in use in some parts of Icel.: the four dwarfs, East, West, North, South, are in the Edda the bearers of heaven, Edda 5.
dvergr
γ. ornaments in a lady’s dress worn on the shoulder are called ‘dvergar,’ Rm. 16; smokkr á bringu, dúkr á hálsi, dvergar á öxlum, prob. a kind of brooch. For COMPDS vide above.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚢᛁᚱᚴᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Engl.
English.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
irreg.
irregular.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
S.
Saga.
Swed.
Swedish.
adj.
adjective.
botan.
botanically.
ch.
chapter.
cp.
compare.
f.
feminine.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
i. e.
id est.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
prob.
probably.

Works & Authors cited:

Al.
Alexanders Saga. (G. I.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Gísl.
Gísla Saga. (D. II.)
Hervar. S.
Hervarar Saga. (C. II.)
Hjalt.
Hjaltalín, Icelandic Botany.
Vsp.
Völuspá. (A. I.)
Clar.
Clarus Saga. (G. II.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
Rm.
Rígsmál. (A. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Back