Dúkr

Old Norse Dictionary - dúkr

Meaning of Old Norse word "dúkr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

dúkr Old Norse word can mean:

dúkr
m. [Engl. duck; Swed. duk; Dan. dug; Germ. tuch]:—any cloth or texture, Bárð. 160; vaðmáls-d., lín-d., etc., a cloak of wadmal, linen, etc.: a carpet, FmS. ix. 219: tapestry in a church, fimm dúka ok tvá þar í buna, annarr með rautt silki, Vm. 77, vide altaris-dúkr, 20: a neck-kerchief of a lady, dúkr á hálsi, Rm. 16.
dúkr
β. a table-cloth (borð-dúkr); as to the ancient Scandin. custom of covering the table with a cloth, vide esp. Nj. ch. 117, BS. i. 475, Guðm. S. ch. 43; and for still earlier times the old heathen poem Rm., where Móðir, the yeoman’s good-wife, covers the table with a ‘marked’ (i. e. stitched) white linen cloth, 28; whilst Edda, the old bondman’s good-wife, puts the food on an uncovered table (verse 4); by a mishap the transcriber of Ob. (the only MS. wherein this poem is preserved) has skipped over a verse in the second line of verse 17, so that we are unable to say how Amma, the husbandman’s good-wife, dressed her table: the proverb, eptir dúk og disk, i. e. post festum.
dúkr
γ. a towel; at banquets a servant went round to the guests in turn bearing a basin and a towel on the shoulder, Lv. ch. 13; to be served first was a mark of honour; cp. also Nj. l. c., Har. S. Harðr. ch. 79 (the Danish king and the old woman): a napkin, BlaS. 45, 655 xvii. 5: belonging to the priest’s vestment, Pm. 133; d. ok corporale, Vm. 154, Stj. Gen. xxiv. 65 (a veil).

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚢᚴᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
Swed.
Swedish.
ch.
chapter.
esp.
especially.
i. e.
id est.
S.
Saga.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
cp.
compare.
l. c.
loco citato.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Bárð.
Bárðar Saga. (D. V.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Rm.
Rígsmál. (A. II.)
Vm.
Vilkins-máldagi. (J. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Guðm. S.
Guðmundar Saga. (D. III.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Ob.
Orms-bók. (C. I.)
Blas.
Blasius Saga. (F. III.)
Lv.
Ljósvetninga Saga. (D. II.)
Pm.
Pétrs-máldagi. (J. I.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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