Drótt

Old Norse Dictionary - drótt

Meaning of Old Norse word "drótt" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

drótt Old Norse word can mean:

drótt
f.
drótt
I. the sill or beam above a door, also a door-post (dyra-drótt).
drótt
II. household, people,m. 24, (inn-drótt, sal-drótt, Lex. poët.); dyggvar dróttir, good, trusty people, Vsp. 63; dverga d., the dwarf-people, 9; d. Írskrar þjóðar, the Irish people; Engla d., English persons, etc., Lex. poët.; öll drótt, all people, Hkv. 2. 48: twenty people make a drótt, Edda 108.
drótt
2. esp. the king’s body-guard; cp. Goth. ga-drauhts, by which word Ulf. renders the Gr. στρατιώτης (drjûgan, pret. drauh = στρατεύειν); A. S. dright; the Scandinavian drótt thus answers to the comitatus of Tacitus, Germ. ch. 13, 14, in the Saga time called ‘hirð.’ Drótt is obsolete in prose, but occurs in Hkr. Yngl. S. ch. 20,—áðr vóru þeir (viz. the kings) dróttnar kallaðir, en konur þeirra dróttningar, en drótt hirðsveitin: poët., víg-drótt, her-d., fólk-d., hjálm-d., etc., warriors.
drótt
III. a fem. pr. name, Yngl. S. ch. 20; cp. dróS.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚱᚢᛏᛏ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

f.
feminine.
etc.
et cetera.
m.
masculine.
v.
vide.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
ch.
chapter.
cp.
compare.
esp.
especially.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Goth.
Gothic.
Gr.
Greek.
l.
line.
poët.
poetically.
pret.
preterite.
S.
Saga.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
viz.
namely.
fem.
feminine.
pr.
proper, properly.

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Vsp.
Völuspá. (A. I.)
Vþm.
Vafþrúðnis-mál. (A. I.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Yngl. S.
Ynglinga Saga. (C. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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