Draumr

Old Norse Dictionary - draumr

Meaning of Old Norse word "draumr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

draumr Old Norse word can mean:

draumr
m. [A. S. dreâm; Hel. drôm; Engl. dream; Swed.-Dan. dröm; Germ. traum; Matth. i. and ii, and by a singular mishap Matth. xxvii. 19, are lost in Ulf., so that we are unable to say how he rendered the Gr. οναρ:the A. S. uses dreâm only in the sense of joy, music, and dreamer = a harper, musician, and expresses draumr, Engl. dream, by sveofnas,—even the Ormul. has dræm = a sound; so that the Engl. dream seems to have got its present sense from the Scandin. On the other hand, the Scandin. have dream in the proper sense in their earliest poems of the heathen age, ballir draumar, Vtkv. I; Hvat er þat draurna, Em. I; it is used so by Bragi Gamli (9th century), Edda 78 (in a verse); cp. draum-þing, Hkv. 2. 48, whilst the A. S. sense of song is entirely strange to Icel.: it is true that svefnar (pl.) now and then occurs in old poets = Lat. somnium, but this may be either from A. S. influence or only as a poetical synonyme. Which of the two senses is the primitive and which the metaph.?]:—a dream. Many old sayings refer to draumr,—vakandi d., a day dream, waking dream, like the Gr. υπαρ; von er vakandi draumr, hope is a waking dream, or von er vakanda manns d.; ekki er mark at draumum, dreams are not worth noticing, Sturl. ii. 217; opt er ljotr d. fyrir litlu, BS. ii. 225. Icel. say, marka drauma, to believe in dreams, Sturl. ii. 131; segja e-m draum, to tell one’s dream to another, Nj. 35; ráða draum, to read (interpret) a dream, FmS. iv. 381, x. 270, xi. 3; draumr rætisk, the dream proves true, or (rarely) draum (acc.) ræsir, id., Bret.; vakna við vándan (eigi góðan) draum, to wake from a bad dream, of a sudden, violent awakening, FmS. iii. 125, ix. 339, Stj. 394, Judg. viii. 21, 22; vakna af draumi, to waken from a dream; dreyma draum, to dream a dream; láta e-n njóta draums, to let one enjoy his dream, not wake him: gen. draums is used adverb. in the phrase, e-m er draums, one is benumbed, dreamy: stóð hann upp ok fylgði englinum, ok hugði sér draums vera, Post. 656 C; draums kveð ek þér vera, Hkv. Hjörv. 19; þótti honum sjálfum sem draums hefði honum verit, O. H. l. 81; hence comes the mod. e-m er drums, of stupid insensibility. Passages referring to dreams—Hkr. Hálfd. S. ch. 7, Am. 14. 25, Edda 36, Íb. ch. 4, Nj. ch. 134, Ld. ch. 33, Gunnl. S. ch. 2, 13, Harð. S. ch. 6, Lv. ch. 21 (very interesting), Gísl. ch. 13, 24 sqq., Glúm. ch. 9, 21, Þorst. Síðu H., Vápn. 21, Bjarn. 49, Fbr. ch. 16, 37, Þorl. S. ch. 7, Sturl. i. 200, 225, ii. 9, 99, 190, 206–216, iii. 251–254, 272, Rafns S. ch. 7, 14, Laur. S. ch. 2, 65, Sverr. S. ch. 1, 2, 5, 42, FmS. vi. 199, 225, 312, 403, 404, vii. 162, Jómsv. S. ch. 2, etc. etc.
draumr
COMPDS: draumamaðr, draumaráðning, draumaskrimsl, draumavetr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚱᛅᚢᛘᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
adverb.
adverbially.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
ch.
chapter.
cp.
compare.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
gen.
genitive.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Gr.
Greek.
Hel.
Heliand.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
Ormul.
Ormulum.
pl.
plural.
S.
Saga.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Am.
Atla-mál. (A. II.)
Bjarn.
Bjarnar Saga. (D. II.)
Bret.
Breta Sögur. (G. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Em.
Eiríks-mál. (A. III.)
Fbr.
Fóstbræðra Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Gísl.
Gísla Saga. (D. II.)
Glúm.
Víga-Glúms Saga. (D. II.)
Harð. S.
Harðar Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Hkv. Hjörv.
Helga-kviða Hjörvarðssonar. (A. II.)
Íb.
Íslendinga-bók. (D. I.)
Jómsv. S.
Jómsvíkinga Saga. (E. I.)
Laur. S.
Laurentius Saga. (D. III.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Lv.
Ljósvetninga Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
O. H. L.
Ólafs Saga Helga Legendaria. (E. I.)
Post.
Postula Sögur. (F. III.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Sverr. S.
Sverris Saga. (E. I.)
Vápn.
Vápnfirðinga Saga. (D. II.)
Vtkv.
Vegtams-kviða. (A. I.)
Þorl. S.
Þorláks Saga. (D. III.)
Þorst. Síðu H.
Þorsteins Saga Síðu-Hallssonar. (D. II.)
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