Dæma

Old Norse Dictionary - dæma

Meaning of Old Norse word "dæma" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

dæma Old Norse word can mean:

dæma
d or ð, [dómr; Ulf. dômian; A. S. dêman; Engl. deem (as in demster); O. H. G. tomjan; lost in mod. Germ.; Swed. dömma; Dan. dömme]:—a law term, to give judgment, pass sentence; d. mál, to give judgment in a case, Nj. 56, Eg. 417; hvat sem at dæma er, Þorst. St. 55; lét dæma vörnina, caused judgment to be given on the part of the defence (in relerence to a curious Norse custom, by which both plaintiff and defendant pleaded before different courts, which had finally to adjust the sentence according to rules varying with the circumstances), Nj. 240; d. dóm, to pass sentence, FmS. xi. 246; d. rangan dóm, SkS. 109 B: the fines etc. in acc., d. fé, útlegðir, sekð, to pass sentence to a fine, outlawry, payment, etc., Grág. i. 320; útlegðir þær er á alþingi eru dæmðar, 3; fé þat á dæmask á heimili þess er sóttr er, 320; á þá at dæmask féit þannug, then the money is to pass (by sentence) to them, 378; dæma eindaga á fé, to fix a term for payment, 3; d. lög, to pass a lawful sentence, FmS. xi. 224; d. af, to make void, SkS. 11: d. um e-t, to judge of a thing, 625. 60: with acc. of the person, d. e-n skógarmann, to proclaim one an outlaw, Nj. 240; d. sýknan, sekan, etc.: adding dat. of the person, d. e-m e-t, to adjudge a thing to one; d. e-m fé, or the like; even, dæma e-m dóm, to deal a sentence out to one, FmS. xi. l. c.: adding prep. af, d. fé af e-m, to give judgment against his claim, BS. ii. 91; but more usually, d. e-n af e-u, to declare one to have forfeited; the instances in Grág., n. G. l., and the Sagas are almost endlesS.
dæma
β. to ‘deem,’ give an opinion, judge.
dæma
II. to chatter, talk, mostly in poetry; esp. in the allit. phrase, drekka ok d., vide Lex. Poët. and drekka; en er þeir áttu of þessa hluti at d., when they were talking of those things, 623. 55.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᛅᛘᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Dan.
Danish.
dat.
dative.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
l. c.
loco citato.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
S.
Saga.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
allit.
alliteration, alliterative.
esp.
especially.
lit.
literally.

Works & Authors cited:

Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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