Burðr

Old Norse Dictionary - burðr

Meaning of Old Norse word "burðr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

burðr Old Norse word can mean:

burðr
ar, m. pl. ir, [Engl. birth; Hel. giburd; Germ. geburt; cp. bera A. II]:—birth, esp. of the birth of Christ; frá Guðs, Drottins, Krists burði, BS. i. 112, 145, 158, 173; frá hingað-burði Christi, id., 64, 75, 79, 85; til burðar Christi, Rb. 84: of men, sótt burðar = jóðsótt, labours, K. Á. 104.
burðr
2. of domestic animals, calving, lambing, hence sauð-burðr, the lambing-time; þeim kúm er bezt búast til burðar, BS. i. 194.
burðr
3. birth, the thing born, an embryo; Fíllinn gengr tvö ár með burðinum, Stj. 70; at þær (viz. the ewes) skyldi sinn burð geta, 178; fæða sinn burð, 97; með konum leysisk burðr (abort), BS. i. 798.
burðr
4. in pl. birth, extraction; heiðinn at burðum (MS. sing.), heathen by birth, Ver. 40; burðir ok ætt, kith and kin, FmS. i. 83; er ekki er til Noregs kominn fyrir burða sakir, ix. 389; Hákon jarl hafði burði til þess, at halda foðurleifð sinni, ok hafa jarlsnafn, i. 223; þykkjumk ek hafa til þess burði ok frænda styrk, Eg. 474; hence in mod. usage burðir means one’s ‘physique,’ strength; burðamaðr mikill, a mighty strong man; hafa litla burði, to have little strength; yfir-burðir, superior strength (cp. bera yfir), and afburðir, q. v.
burðr
II. the bearing of limbs, body; lima-burðr, fóta-burðr, höfuð-burðr.
burðr
III. [bera C], the compds at-burðr, við-burðr, til-burðr, hop, accident; fyrir-burðr, vision.
burðr
IV. answering to bera A. I, vide byrðr, and compds like á-burðr.
burðr
β. saman-burðr, comparison.
burðr
COMPDS: burðamunr, burðardagr, burðarmaðr, burðarsveinn, burðartími.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚢᚱᚦᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

cp.
compare.
Engl.
English.
esp.
especially.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Hel.
Heliand.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
pl.
plural.
viz.
namely.
mod.
modern.
q. v.
quod vide.
S.
Saga.
sing.
singular.
v.
vide.
n.
neuter.

Works & Authors cited:

Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
K. Á.
Kristinn-réttr Árna biskups. (B. III.)
Rb.
Rímbegla. (H. III.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Ver.
Veraldar Saga. (E. II.)
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