As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
brýna Old Norse word can mean:
- 1. d, [brún], to whet, sharpen, ‘bring to an edge’; b. ljá, kníf, sverð, to whet a scythe, knife, sword, Edda 48, Ísl. ii. 348, Fs. 62.
- β. naut. to drag a boat or ship half a-shore, put her on the ‘edge’ of the sea-board; b. upp skipi, Nj. 19, Fs. 145, 147, Fms. viii. 333, v. 1.
- 2. metaph. to egg on, incite, Al. 33.
- 2. u, f. whetting; mowers call ‘brýna’ the amount of mowing done before the scythe wants whetting again.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚱᚢᚾᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- metaphorical, metaphorically.
Works & Authors cited:
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Njála. (D. II.)
- Alexanders Saga. (G. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.