Brún

Old Norse Dictionary - brún

Meaning of Old Norse word "brún" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

brún Old Norse word can mean:

brún
1. f., old pl. brýnn, mod. brýr; the old form remains in the phrase, bera e-m e-t á brýn (qs. Brýnn):—eye-brow (brá = eye-lid), Fms. xi. 274; kom (the blow) á brúnina, ok hljóp hón ofan fyrir augat…. bindr upp brúnina, Þorst. St. 49; ór brúnunum ofan nefið, Ísl. ii. 368; skegg ok brýnn, Stj. 318; brá eðr brúna. Edda 109.
brún
β. in reference to frames of mind; to lift the eye-brows denoting a pleasurable state; to drop them, a moody frame; in phrases, bregða í brún ; (brýnn?), to be amazed, v. bregða; lypta brúnum, to lift the eye-brows, to be glad, cheerful, Fs. 18: hóf þá upp brún (impers.), their faces cleared, Bs. i. 637, Eg. 55; síga lætr þú brýnn fyrir brár, cp. the Engl. to knit the brows, Hkv. Hjörv. 19; er hann sá at Þórr lét siga brýnnar ofan fyrir augun, Edda 28; hleypa brúnum. id., Eg. 305, hence létt-brýnn. glad; þung-brynn, moody; brún-ölvi, id.; hafa brögð undir brúnum, to look uncanny, Band.; vera (so and so) undir brún at líta, to look so and so, esp. in an uncanny sense, Nj. 55, Orkn. 284; bera e-m e-t á brýnn (vide bera B. 1. β), GrEg. 51, Rd. 241.
brún
II. metaph. the brow of a fell, moor, etc. (fjalls-brún, heiðar-brún, veggjar-brún); is-brún, the edge of ice; á framanverðri brúninni, efstu brúninni, on the mountain edge, Sturl. i. 84: the first beam of day in the sky (dags-brún), litil brún af degi; lands-brún, the ‘lands-brow,’ i. e. the first sight of a mountain above the water.
brún
COMPDS: brúnabein, brúnamikill, brúnasíðr, brúnaskurðr.
brún
2. f. a kind of stuff or tapestry (for. word), Vm. 24, 31, 146, 177, Pm. 25, Bs. i. 762.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚱᚢᚾ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

f.
feminine.
l.
line.
mod.
modern.
pl.
plural.
qs.
quasi.
cp.
compare.
Engl.
English.
esp.
especially.
gl.
glossary.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
impers.
impersonal.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
pers.
person.
v.
vide.
etc.
et cetera.
i. e.
id est.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
for.
foreign.

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Band.
Banda-manna Saga. (D. II.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Greg.
Gregory. (F. II.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Hkv. Hjörv.
Helga-kviða Hjörvarðssonar. (A. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Rd.
Reykdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Pm.
Pétrs-máldagi. (J. I.)
Vm.
Vilkins-máldagi. (J. I.)
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