Brenna

Old Norse Dictionary - brenna

Meaning of Old Norse word "brenna" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

brenna Old Norse word can mean:

brenna
1. d, with acc. to burn; b. bál, to burn or light a balefire, Hervar. S. (in a verse).
brenna
2. to destroy by fire, devastate, FmS. xi. 391, Ann. 1329, 1289: b. upp, to burn up, Eg. 49; b. e-n inni, to burn one alive, Nj. 115, Grág. ii. 128, Landn. 215, v. l.
brenna
3. medic. to cauterise (of hot iron), Grág. ii. 133; b. e-m díla, to burn spots on one’s back, body (medic.), BS. 1. 644.
brenna
β. metaph. to brand one’s back; eigi þurfu Danir at hælast við oss Norðmenn, margan díla höfum vér brent þeim frændum, Hkr. iii. 148; b. e-m illan díla, id., Fbr. 190 (in a verse).
brenna
γ. b. kol, to burn, i. e. make charcoal (cp. charcoal-burner), Grág. i. 200.
brenna
δ. part., brennt silfr, gull = skírt silfr, gull, pure silver, gold, K. Þ. K. 172, 152; eyrir brendr (= eyrir brends silfrs), mörk brend, FmS. ix. 421, Hkr. iii. 12; b. gull, FmS. xi. 77.
brenna
2. u, f. fire, burning, Grág. ii. 129, Nj. 158, 199; Njáls brenna, Blundketils brenna, etc., Ann. 962, 1010: the burning of a dead body, Edda 38 (= bálför).
brenna
β. astron., according to Finn Magnusson (Lex. Mythol.) Sirius is called Loka brenna, the conflagration of Loki, referring to the end of the world.
brenna
COMPDS: brennumaðr, brennumál, brennusaga, brennustaðr, brennusumar, brennuvargr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚱᛁᚾᚾᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
S.
Saga.
l.
line.
n.
neuter.
v.
vide.
v. l.
varia lectio.
medic.
medicine, medically.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
cp.
compare.
i. e.
id est.
part.
participle.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
astron.
astronomy, astronomically.

Works & Authors cited:

Hervar. S.
Hervarar Saga. (C. II.)
Ann.
Íslenzkir Annálar. (D. IV.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Fbr.
Fóstbræðra Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
K. Þ. K.
Kristinn-réttr Þorláks ok Ketils = Kristinna-laga-þáttr. (B. I.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Lex. Mythol.
Lexicon Mythologicum.
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