Bót

Old Norse Dictionary - bót

Meaning of Old Norse word "bót" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

bót Old Norse word can mean:

bót
ar, f., pl. bætr, [Ulf. bota; A. S. bôt; Engl. boot, booty, to boot; O. H. G. puoz; Germ. büsse; akin to bati, better, etc.]:—bettering, improvement:
bót
1. a cure, remedy, mental as well as bodily, from sickness, loss, sorrow, etc.; fá bót e-s, meina, FmS. vii. 251, ix. 427, FaS. i. 175; allra meina bót; vinna e-m b., to comfort one, Landn. 212; bera til bóta, to amend, FmS. xi. 236; berja … e-n til óbóta is to beat … one so that he never recovers from it.
bót
2. as a law term, almost always in pl., atonement, compensation, and esp. = mann-bætr, weregild, cp. vígs-bætr, sak-bætr, etc., FmS. vii. 36, Hrafn. 4, 9, Eb. 106, Ísl. ii. 272, and in endless cases in Grág. (Vl.) and Nj.: bætr and mann-gjöld are often used indiscriminately, e. g. tvennum bótum, or tvennum manngjöldum, a double weregild; cp. also the phrase, halda uppi bótum, to discharge, pay the b.; the sing. is rare in this sense, Nj. 58, Grág. ii. 182.
bót
3. in such phrases as, e-t berr til bóta (imperS.), it is a comfort, satisfaction, Nj. 58, FmS. x. 264; (mikilla) bóta vant, very shortcoming, Ld. 328.
bót
4. a patch, of an old torn garment; enginn setr bót af nýju klæði á gamalt fat, Matth. ix. 17; svört bót var milli herða honum, Sturl. ii. 230.
bót
COMPDS: bótalauss, bótamaðr, bótaverðr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚢᛏ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
pl.
plural.
S.
Saga.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
n.
neuter.
cp.
compare.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
esp.
especially.
sing.
singular.
impers.
impersonal.
pers.
person.

Works & Authors cited:

Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Hrafn.
Hrafnkels Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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