Björn

Old Norse Dictionary - björn

Meaning of Old Norse word "björn" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

björn Old Norse word can mean:

björn
m., gen. bjarnar; dat. birni, pl. n. birnir; acc. Björnu, mod. birni, [an enlarged form, cp. Goth, biari, by which word Ulf. renders the Gr. θηρίον, Titus i. 12; A. S. bera; Engl. bear; Germ. bär; but Swed. and Dan. björn]:—a bear; hvíta-Björn, the white bear or ice-bear; and skóg-Björn, híð-Björn, við-Björn, the black bear or wood-bear, Germ. wald-bär; the ice-bear was unknown in Europe till the discovery of Iceland at the end of the 9th, and Greenland at the end of the 10th century. The very first ice-bear was brought to Europe by Ingimund the Old as a gift to the king of Norway about A. D. 900, Landn., FS. (Vd.) 27; Isleif, the first bishop of Iceland, also brought one as a present to the German emperor about A. D. 1050, BS. i. 61, Hv. ch. 2; cp. the little story of Audun in FmS. vi. 297–307, SkS. 186, Sturl. iii. 82, Grág. ii. 181, Am. 17, where a hvítaBjörn is mentioned, FS. (Flóam. S.) 148; as to the black bear, vide esp. Grett. ch. 23, Finnb. ch. 11, Glúm. ch. 3, FaS. i. 50; cp. an interesting paper, ‘Waldbär und Wasserbär,’ by Konrad Maurer, upon this subject; winter is called ‘the bear’s night;’ hence the saying, ‘löng er bjarnar-nótt;’ cp. langar eigu þeir bersi nætr, Mkv. Björn and Bjarni are freq. pr. names; also in compd. names, ÞorBjörn, ÁsBjörn; and as a prefix, Bjarngrímr, Bjarnhéðinn, etc.; vide Landn. (gl.)
björn
COMPDS: bjarnarbroddr, bjarnarhamr, bjarnarhíð, bjarnarhold, bjarnarhrammr, bjarnarslátr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛁᚢᚱᚾ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
A. D.
Anno Domini.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
ch.
chapter.
compd.
compound.
cp.
compare.
Dan.
Danish.
dat.
dative.
Engl.
English.
esp.
especially.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
gen.
genitive.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Gr.
Greek.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
pr.
proper, properly.
S.
Saga.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Am.
Atla-mál. (A. II.)
Bjarni
Bjarni Thorarinson.
Björn
Biörn Halldórsson.
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Finnb.
Finnboga Saga. (D. V.)
Flóam. S.
Flóamanna Saga. (E. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Glúm.
Víga-Glúms Saga. (D. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Grett.
Grettis Saga. (D. II.)
Hv.
Hungr-vaka. (D. III)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Mkv.
Málshátta-kvæði. (A. III.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Vd.
Vatnsdæla Saga. (D. II.)
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