Ben

Old Norse Dictionary - ben

Meaning of Old Norse word "ben" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

ben Old Norse word can mean:

ben
jar, f. pl. jar (neut., n. G. l. i. 387; stór ben, acc. pl. n., Gísl. (in a verse), v. bani above.
ben
I. a wound; as a law term, esp. a mortal wound (cp. bani); thus defined, skal ILLEGIBLE lýsa, en ben ef at bana verðr, Grág. ii. 18, 29, 70; benjar á hinum dauða manni, 28; svá skal nefna vátta at sárum sem at benjum, 30; and in the compds, benja-lýsing, f. a sort of coroner’s inquest upon a slain man, Grág. ii. 29; benja-váttr, m. a sort of coroner’s jury, defined in Grág. ii. 28—þeir eigu at bera, hve margar benjar eru, they have to give a verdict how many mortal wounds there are; en búakviðr (the jury) hverir sannir eru at; benja-vætti, n. the verdict of a benjaváttr, Grág. id.
ben
II. yet commonly ‘ben’ means a small bleeding wound; þeirri blóðgri ben, er Otkell veitti mér áverka, Nj. 87, Sd. 139, Fs. 144, in the last passage, however, of a mortal wound. It is now medic. the wound produced by letting blood. In old poetry it is used in a great many compds.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛁᚾ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
f.
feminine.
l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
n.
neuter.
neut.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
v.
vide.
cp.
compare.
esp.
especially.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
m.
masculine.
compds.
compounds.
medic.
medicine, medically.

Works & Authors cited:

Gísl.
Gísla Saga. (D. II.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sd.
Svarfdæla Saga. (D. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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