As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
bastarðr Old Norse word can mean:
- m. bastard, appears for the first time as the cognom. of William the Conqueror. The etymon is dubious; Grimm suggests a Scandinavian origin; but this is very doubtful; the word never occurs in Scandinavian writers before the time of William, sounds very like a foreign word, is rarely used, and hardly understood by common people in Icel.; neither does it occur in A. S. nor O. H. G.; so that Adam of Bremen says, iste Willelmus quem Franci bastardum vocant; whence the word seems to come from some southern source; cp. the Játv. S. (Ed. 1852), and Fl. iii. 463 sqq.; the MS. Holm, spells bastarðr, the Fb. basthardr.
- 2. name of a sword, FmS. vii. 297, referring to A. D. 1163.
- 3. a kind of cloth, in deeds of the 14th and 15th centuries, Vm. 46, 136, D. N. ii. 165; cp. the remarks on bæsingr, p. 92, col. 1 at bottom.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛅᛋᛏᛅᚱᚦᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- A. S.
- Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
- O. H. G.
- Old High German.
- A. D.
- Anno Domini.
Works & Authors cited:
- Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
- Játvarðar Saga. (E. II.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- D. N.
- Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
- Vilkins-máldagi. (J. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.