Barð

Old Norse Dictionary - barð

Meaning of Old Norse word "barð" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

barð Old Norse word can mean:

barð
n. [identical in etymology but not in sense to Lat. barba, Engl. beard, Germ. bart; the Scandin. dialects all call the beard skegg; Swed. skägg; Dan. skjæg; barð in the sense of barba is quite alien from the Scandin. idioms; the passages, Edda 109 (skegg heitir barð) and höggva börðum í gras, Íd. 12, a poem of the end of the 13th century, are isolated instances: bart in Dan. is a mod. word]:—Lat. ora, margo:
barð
α. a brim of a helmet or hat (hjálmbarð, hattbarð), FaS. iii. 341.
barð
β. the verge, edge of a hill (holtbarð, túnbarð, brekkubarð, hólbarð, etc.), freq. in local names of farms in Icel.
barð
γ. the wing or side fin of some fishes, e. g. whales, cp. barðhvalr; of flat fishes, raja pastinaca (skötubarð).
barð
δ. the beak or armed prow of ships, esp. ships’ of war, [cp. A. S. barda, a beaked ship]; so barded, of a horse in armour; hence Barði or Járnbarði is the name of a sort of ram in olden times, e. g. the famous Járnbarði (Iron Ram) of carl Eric, described, FmS. ii. 310; cp. also Fb. i. 280: the stem, Gr. στείρη, Jb. 398; róa fyrir barð e-rn, to thwart one,l. 519, Eg. 386, FmS. vii. 195; skulu vér binda akkeri fyrir barð hverju skipi, xi. 66, ii. 273, Lex. Poët.
barð
ε. several compds are used in Icel. referring to parts of the head, e. g. hökubarð, kinnbarð, kjálkabarð, ora genae, maxillae, but without any notion of ‘beard,’ cp. Isid. granos et cinnabar Gothorurn, 19. 23; the cinnabar and the present Icel. kinnabarð seem to be etymologically identical.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛅᚱᚦ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
Swed.
Swedish.
etc.
et cetera.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
cp.
compare.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
esp.
especially.
Gr.
Greek.
S.
Saga.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Íd.
Íslendinga-drápa. (A. III.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fb.
Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Gþl.
Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
Jb.
Jóns-bók. (B. III.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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