Aust-maðr

Old Norse Dictionary - aust-maðr

Meaning of Old Norse word "aust-maðr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

aust-maðr
m., pl. austmenn, in Icel. and in the northern part of the British Islands a standing name of those who came from the Scandinavian continent, esp. Norse merchants, vide the old Irish chronicles, and the Sagas, passim. The English used ‘easterling’ in the same sense, and sterling is an abbreviation of the word from the coin which the ‘easterlings’ brought with them in trade. Eyvindr austmaðr, Landn., Nj. 81, Eg. 744, Ísl. ii. 192, 128, Sturl. ii. 47, Lv. 23, Valla l. 216, Landn. 36, 290, 305, Eb. 104, 196, etc. In the Norse GÞl. 450 it is used of Swedes in Norway: austmanna-skelfir, m. ‘skelper’ (conqueror, terror) of the east men, a nickname, Landn. 305.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚢᛋᛏ-ᛘᛅᚦᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

esp.
especially.
etc.
et cetera.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Lv.
Ljósvetninga Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Valla L.
Valla Ljóts Saga. (D. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

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