As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
auðna Old Norse word can mean:
- 1. u, f. desolation, Sd. 179, bad reading.
- 2. u, f. [auðit], fortune, and then, like αισα, good luck, one’s good star, happiness, (cp. heill, hamingja, gæfa, all of them feminines,—good luck personified as a female guardian), in the phrase, a. ræðr, rules; auðna mun því ráða, Fate must settle that, Nj. 46, Lv. 65; ræðr a. lífi (a proverb), Orkn. 28; arka at auðnu (or perh. better dat. from auðinn), v. arka, Nj. 185, v. 1.; at auðnu, adv. prosperously, Sl. 25; blanda úgiptu við a., Fms. ii. 61; með auðnu þeirri at þorkatli var lengra lífs auðit, by that good fortune which destined Thorkel for a longer life, Orkn. 18 (50). cp. the Craven word aund in the expression I’s aund to’ot, ‘I am ordained to it, it is my fate.’
- COMPDS: auðnulauss, auðnuleysi, auðnuleysingi, auðmimaðr, auðnusamliga.
- 3. að, impers. to be ordained by fate; ef honum auðnaði eigi aptr at koma, if it was not ordained by fate that he should come back, Fms. ix. 350; sem auðnar, as luck decides, Fb. i. 160, Fas. iii. 601, Lv. 30: with gen., ef Guð vill at þess auðni, that it shall succeed, Bs. i. 159, v. 1., þat is less correct: now freq. in a dep. form, e-m auðnast, one is successful, with following infin.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚢᚦᚾᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- frequent, frequently.
Works & Authors cited:
- Svarfdæla Saga. (D. II.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Ljósvetninga Saga. (D. II.)
- Njála. (D. II.)
- Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
- Sólarljóð. (A. III.)
- Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
- Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
- Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.