Átt

Old Norse Dictionary - átt

Meaning of Old Norse word "átt" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

átt Old Norse word can mean:

átt
1. f. a family, race, v. ætt and compds; for a fuller account of this word see ætt, p. 760.
átt
2. and ætt, f., pl. áttir and ættir [Germ. acht = Lat. ager, praedium, a rare and obsolete word in Germ.], plaga caeli, quarter; just as quarter refers to the number four, so átt seems to refer to eight: átt properly means that part of the horizon which subtends an arc traversed by the sun in the course of three hours; thus defined,—meðan sól veltist urn átta ættir, Sks. 54; ok þat eru þá þrjár stundir dags er sól veltist um eina sett, id.; the names of the eight áttir are, útnorðr á., north-west; norðr á., north; landnorðr á., north-east; austr a., east; landsuðr á., south-east; suðr á., south; útsuðr á., south-west; vestr á., west; four of which (the compounds) are subdivisions; átt is therefore freq. used of the four only, Loki görði þar hús ok fjórar dyrr, at hann mátti sjá ór húsinu í allar áttir, … to all (i. e. four) sides, Edda 39: or it is used generally, from all sides, þá drífr snær ór öllum áttum, Edda 40; drífa þeir til ór öllum áttum (= hvaðanæva), Hkr. i. 33; norðrætt, Edda 4, 23; hence a mod. verb átta, að; á. sik, to find the true quarter, to set oneself right, cp. Fr. s’orienter.
átt
COMPDS: áttaskipan, áttaskipti, áttaviltr.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᛏᛏ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

f.
feminine.
v.
vide.
cp.
compare.
Fr.
French in etymologies.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Germ.
German.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
i. e.
id est.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
pl.
plural.

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fr.
Fritzner’s Dictionary, 1867.
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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