Askr

Old Norse Dictionary - askr

Meaning of Old Norse word "askr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

askr Old Norse word can mean:

askr
s, m. [A. S. äsc, whence many Engl. local names; Germ. esche]
askr
1. an ash, fraxinus, Edda (gl.); a. ygdrasils, Edda 10, 11, Pr. 431.
askr
2. anything made of ash:
askr
α. a spear, prop. ashen spear shaft (cp. δόρυ μείλινον, εϋμμελίης), Þiðr. 304, Edda (gl.)
askr
β. a small ship, a bark (built of ash, cp. δόρυ, abies); en þeir sigla burt á einum aski, FaS. ii. 206, i. 421: it appears only two or three times in Icel. prose writers; hence may be explained the name of ascmanni, viking, pirate, in Adam Brem. ch. 212 [A. S. äscmen], cp. askmaðr.
askr
γ. a small vessel of wood (freq. in Icel., and used instead of deep plates, often with a cover (asklok) in carved work); stórir askar fullir af skyri, Eg. 549, 550; cp. kyrnu-askr, skyr-askr.
askr
δ. a Norse measure for liquids, equal to four bowls, or sixteen justur, Gþl. 525, N. G. l. i. 328, H. E. i. 396, FmS. vii. 203.
askr
COMPDS: askasmiðr, askaspillir.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᛋᚴᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Engl.
English.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
S.
Saga.
cp.
compare.
prop.
proper, properly.
ch.
chapter.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
L.
Linnæus.

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Þiðr.
Þiðreks Saga. (G. I.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Gþl.
Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
H. E.
Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiae. (J. I.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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