ApaldrOld Norse Dictionary - apaldr
Meaning of Old Norse word "apaldr" in English.
As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
apaldr Old Norse word can mean:
- rs, m. pl. rar, [O. H. G. aphaltrâ; A. S. apuldre; Dan. abild; Swed. apel], doubtless a southern word, the inflective syllable dr being a mutilation of ‘tré,’ arbor, a word now almost extinct in Germany, (for a homely, common word such as ‘tré’ could not have been corrupted in the native tongue);—apaldr thus, etymologically as well as properly, means an apple-tree; fruits and fruit-trees were doubtless imported into Scandinavia from abroad; the word appears only in the later heroic poems, such as the Hkv. Hjörv. 6; the verses in Sdm. 5 are in a different metre from the rest of the poem, and probably interpolated, FaS. i. 120; epli á apaldri, SkS. 106; tveir apaldar (with the radical r dropped), FaS. iii. 60; apaldrs flúr, Karl. 200, 311: as the etymological sense in the transmuted word soon got lost, a fresh pleonastic compound was made, viz. apaldrs-tré.
- COMPDS: apaldrsgarðr, apaldrsklubba, apaldrstré.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᛒᛅᛚᛏᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
- A. S.
- O. H. G.
- Old High German.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Works & Authors cited:
- Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
- Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
- Hkv. Hjörv.
- Helga-kviða Hjörvarðssonar. (A. II.)
- Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
- Sigrdrífu-mál. (A. II.)
- Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
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This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.