Allr

Old Norse Dictionary - allr

Meaning of Old Norse word "allr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

allr Old Norse word can mean:

allr
öll, allt, and alt, adj. [Ulf. alls = πας, άπας, όλος; A. S. eall; Engl. and Germ. all].
allr
A. In sing. as adj. or substantively, cunctus, totus, omnis:
allr
I. all, entire, the whole; hón á allan arf eptir mik, she has all my heritage after me, Nj. 3; um alla þingsafglöpun, every kind of þ., 150; gaf hann þat allt, all, 101; at öllum hluta, in totum, Grág. i. 245; allr heilagr dómr, the whole body of Christians, ii. 165; á öllu því máli, FmS. vii. 311; allu fólki, thewhole people, x. 273; hvitr allr, white all over, 655 xxxii. 21; bú allt, thewhole estate, Grág. i. 244; fyrir allt dagsljós, before any dawn of light, Hom. 41: with the addition of saman = άπας—Icel. now in fem. sing. and n. pl. say öll sömun, and even n. sing. allt samant; in old writers saman is indecl.,—the whole, Germ. sänmtlich, zusammen; allt saman féit, thewhole amount, entire, Grág. ii. 148; þenna hernað allan saman, all together, FmS. i. 144; fyrir allan saman ójafnað þann, Sd. 157. metaph. in the phrase, at vera ekki allr þar sem hann er sénn (séðr), of persons of deep, shrewd characters, not to be seen through, but also with a feeling of something ‘uncanny’ about them, FmS. xi. 157 (a familiar phrase); ekki er oil nótt úti enn, sagði draugrinn, the night is not all over yet, said the ghost, ‘the Ides are not past’ (a proverb), v. Ísl. ÞjóðS.
allr
2. all, entire, full; allan hálfan mánuð, for the entire fortnight, Nj. 7; þar til er Kjartani þykir allt mál upp, until Kjartan thought it was high time, of one nearly (or) well-nigh drowned, HkR. i. 286.
allr
II. metaph. past, gone, dead, extinct; perh. ellipt., vera allr í brottu, quite gone, Eb. 112 new Ed.; var Hrappr þá allr í brottu, Nj. 132; then by an ellipsis of ‘brottu,’ or the like, allr simply = past, gone:
allr
α. past, of time; seg þú svá fremi frá því er þessi dagr er allr, when this day is past, Nj. 96, FmS. ii. 38, 301; var þá öll þeirra vinátta, their friendship was all gone, FmS. ix. 428; allt er mi mitt megin, my strength is gone, exhausted, StR.
allr
β. dead; þá er Geirmundr var allr, gone, dead, Landn. (Hb.) 124; síz Gunnarr at Hlíðarenda var allr, since G. of Lithend was dead and gone (v. l. to lézt), Nj. 142; sem faðir þeirra væri allr, after his death, Stj. 127; þá er Nói var allr, 66; en sem hann var allr, 100; eptir þat er Sara var öll, after all Sara’s days were over, 139, 140, 405; á vegum allr hygg ek at at ek verða munu, that I shall perish on the way, Gg. verse 5; með því at þú ert gamlaðr mjök, þá munu þeir eigi út koma fyr en þú ert allr, Háv. 57; still freq. in Swed., e. g. blifwa all af bekumring, be worn out with sorrow; vinet blev alt, fell short; tiden er all, past.
allr
III. used almost adverbially, when it may be translated by all, quite, just, entirely; klofnaði hann allr í sundr, was all cloven asunder, Nj. 205; er sá nú allr einn í þínu liði er nú hefir eigi höfuðs, ok hinn, er þá eggiaði hins versta verks er eigi var fram komit, where it seems, however, rather to mean one and the same … or the very same …, thus, and he is now one and the same man in thy band, who has now lost his head, and he who then egged thee on to the worst work when it was still undone, or the very same, … who, Nj. 213; vil ek at sú görð häldist öll, in all its parts, 256; kváðu Örn allan villast, that he was all bewildered, Ld. 74.
allr
IV. neut. sing. used as a subst. in the sense of all, everything, in every respect; ok for svá með öllu, sem …, acted in everything as…, Nj. 14, Ld. 54; ok lát sem þú þykist þar allt eiga, that you depend upon him in all, FmS. xi. 113; eigi er enn þeirra allt, they have not yet altogether won the game, Nj. 235: í alls vesöld, in all misery, VeR. 4; alls mest, most of all, especially, FmS. ii. 137 C, FS. 89 (in a verse); in mod. usage, allra mest, cp. below. The neut. with a gen.; allt missera, all the year round, Hom. 73; allt annars, all the rest, Grág. ii. 141; at öllu annars, in all other respects, K. þ. K. 98; þá var allt (all, everybody) við þá hrætt, FaS. i. 338. In the phrases, at öllu, in all respects, FmS. i. 21, Grág. i. 431; ef hann á eigi at öllu framfærsluna, if he be not the sole supporter, 275: úreyndr at öllu, untried in every way, Nj. 90; cp. Engl. not at all, prop. not in every respect, analogous to never, prop. not always: fyrir alls sakir, in every respect, Grág. ii. 47, FaS. i. 252: í öllu, in everything, Nj. 90, 228: með öllu, wholly, quite, dauðr með öllu, quite dead, 153; neita með öllu, to refuse outright, FmS. i. 35, 232, Boll. 342: um allt, in respect of everything, Nj. 89; hence comes the adverb ávalt, ever = of allt = um allt, prop. in every respect, v. ávalt.
allr
V. the neut. sing. allt is used as an adv., right up to, as far as, all the way; Brynjólfr gengr allt at honum, close to him, Nj. 58; kómu allt at bænum, 79; allt at búðardyrunum, right up to the very door of the booth, 247; allt norðr urn Stað, all along north, round Cape Stad, FmS. vii. 7; suðr allt í Englands haf, iv. 329; verit allt út í Miklagarð, as far out as Constantinople, ii. 7, iv. 250, 25; allt á klofa, Bárð. 171.
allr
2. everywhere, in all places; at riki Eireks konungs mundi allt yfir standa í Eyjunum, might stretch over the whole of the Islands, Eg. 405; Sigröðr var konungr allt um Þrændalög, over all Drontheim, FmS. i. 19; bjoggu þar allt fyrir þingmenn Runólfs goða, the liegemen of R. the priest were in every house, ii. 234 ( = í hverju húsi, BS. i. 20); allt norðr um Rogaland, all the way north over the whole of R., FmS. iv. 251; vóru svirar allt gulli búnir, all overlaid with gold, vi. 308; hafið svá allt kesjurnar fyrir, at ekki megi á ganga, hold your spears everywhere (all along the line) straight before you, that they (the enemy) may not come up to you, 413; allt imdir innviðuna ok stafnana, vii. 82.
allr
3. nearly = Lat. jam, soon, already; vóru allt komin fyrir hann bréf, warrants of arrest were already in his way, FmS. vii. 207; var allt skipat liðinu til fylkingar, the troops were at once drawn up in array, 295; en allt hugðum vér (still we thought) at fara með spekt um þessi héruð, Boll. 346.
allr
4. temp. all through, until; allt til Júnsvöku, Ann. 1295; allt um daga Hákonar konungs, all through the reign of king Hacon, BS. i. 731.
allr
5. in phrases such as, allt at einu, all one, all in the same way, FmS. i. 113. In Icel. at present allt að einu means all the same: allt eins, nevertheless; ek ætla þó utan a. eins, Ísl. ii. 216; hann neitaði allt eins at…, refused all the same, Dipl. iii. 13; allt eins hraustliga, not the less manly, FmS. xi. 443. The mod. Icel. use is a little different, namely = as, in similes = just as; allt eins og blómstrið eina (a simile), just as the flower, the initial words of the famous hymn by Hallgrim.
allr
6. by adding ‘of’ = far too …, much too …, Karl. 301 (now freq.)
allr
7. with a comparative, much, far, FmS. vi. 45 (freq.)
allr
VI. neut. gen. alls [cp. Ulf. allis = όλως; A. S. ealles], used as an adv., esp. before a negative (ekki, hvergi), not a bit, not at all, no how, by no means; þeir ugðu alls ekki at sér, they were not a bit afraid, Nj. 252; hræðumst vér hann nú alls ekki, we do not care a bit for him, 260; á hólmgöngu er vandi en alls ekki (none at all) á einvigi, Korm. 84; en junkherra Eiríkr þóttist ekki hafa, ok kallaði sik Eirík alls ekki (cp. Engl. lackland), FmS. x. 160; alls hvergi skal sök koma undir enn þriðja mann, no how, in no case, by no means, Grág. i. 144: sometimes without a negative following it; ær alls geldar, ewes quite barren, Grág. i. 502; hafrar alls geldir, id.; alls vesall, altogether wretched, Nj. 124; alls mjök stærist hann nú, very much, Stj.; a. mest, especially, FS. 89, FmS. ii. 137. In connection with numbers, in all, in the whole; tólf vóru þau alls á skipi, twelve were they all told in the ship, Ld. 142; tíu Íslenzkir menn alls, 164; alls fórust níu menn, the slain were nine in all, Ísl. ii. 385; verða alls sárir þrír eða fleiri, Grág. ii. 10; alls mánuð, a full month, i. 163; þeir ala eitt barn alls á aefi sinni, Rb. 346.
allr
β. with addition of ‘til’ or ‘of’ = far too much; alls of lengi, far too long a time, FmS. i. 140; hefnd alls til lítil, much too little, vi. 35.
allr
B. In pl. allir, allar, öll, as adj. or substantively:
allr
1. used absol. all; þeir gengu út allir, all men, altogether, Nj. 80; Síðan bjoggust þeir heiman allir, 212; Gunnarr reið ok beir allir, 48; hvikit þér allir, 78, etc.
allr
2. as adj., alla höfðingja, all the chiefs, Nj. 213; ór öllum fjórðungum á landinu, all the quarters of the land, 222; at vitni guðs ok allra heilagra manna, all the saints, Grág. ii. 22; í allum orrostum, in all the battles, FmS. x. 273; Josep ok allir hans ellifu bræðr, Stj., etc.
allr
3. by adding aðrir, flestir, etc.; allir aðrir, all other, everyone else, Nj. 89, FmS. xi. 135: flestir allir, nearly all, the greatest part of, v. flestr; in mod. use flestallir, flest being indecl.: allir saman, altogether, Nj. 80.
allr
4. adverb., Gregorius hafði eigi öll fjögr hundruð, not all, not quite, four hundred, FmS. vii. 255.
allr
5. used ellipt., allir (everybody) vildu leita þér vegs, Nj. 78.
allr
6. gen. pl. allra, when followed by superl. neut. adj. or adv., of all things, all the more; en nú þyki mér þat allra sýnst er …, all the more likely, as …, Ld. 34; allra helzt er þeir heyra, particularly now when they hear, FmS. ix. 330; allra helzt ef hann fellr meir, all the rather, if …, Grág. ii. 8; allra sízt, least of all, 686 B. 2; bæn sú kemr til þess allra mest, especially, Hom. 149: very freq. at present in Icel., and used nearly as Engl. very, e. g. allra bezt, the very best; a. hæst, neðst, fyrst, the very highest, lowest, foremost, etc.
allr
C. alls is used as a prefix to several nouns in the gen., in order to express something common, general, universal.
allr
COMPDS: allsendis, allsháttar, allsherjar, allsherjarbúð, allsherjardómr, allsherjarfé, allsherjargoði, allsherjarlið, allsherjarlýðr, allsherjarlög, allsherjarþing, allskonar, allskostar, allskyns, allsstaðar, allsvaldandi, allrahanda, allraheilagra.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᛚᛚᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

adj.
adjective.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
S.
Saga.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
sing.
singular.
decl.
declined.
fem.
feminine.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
indecl.
indeclinable.
n.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
v.
vide.
þ.
þáttr.
ellipt.
elliptical, elliptically.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
perh.
perhaps.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Swed.
Swedish.
v. l.
varia lectio.
cp.
compare.
gen.
genitive.
mod.
modern.
neut.
neuter.
prop.
proper, properly.
subst.
substantive.
adv.
adverb.
R.
Rimur.
Lat.
Latin.
temp.
temporal.
esp.
especially.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
absol.
absolute, absolutely.
etc.
et cetera.
adverb.
adverbially.
superl.
superlative.

Works & Authors cited:

Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
Ísl. Þjóðs.
Íslenzkar Þjóðsögur.
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sd.
Svarfdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Str.
Strengleikar. (G. II.)
Gg.
Grógaldr. (A. II.)
Háv.
Hávarðar Saga. (D. II.)
Hb.
Hauks-bók. (H. IV.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Boll.
Bolla-þáttr. (D. V.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
K. Þ. K.
Kristinn-réttr Þorláks ok Ketils = Kristinna-laga-þáttr. (B. I.)
Ver.
Veraldar Saga. (E. II.)
Bárð.
Bárðar Saga. (D. V.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Ann.
Íslenzkir Annálar. (D. IV.)
Dipl.
Diplomatarium. (J. I.)
Karl.
Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
Korm.
Kormaks Saga. (D. II.)
Rb.
Rímbegla. (H. III.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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