Aldr

Old Norse Dictionary - aldr

Meaning of Old Norse word "aldr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

aldr Old Norse word can mean:

aldr
rs, pl. rar, m. [Ulf. alþs = αιών or Lat. aevum; Engl. old; Germ. alter], age, life, period, old age, everlasting time.
aldr
1. age, life-time, Lat. vita, aetas; hniginn at aldri, stricken in years, Eg. 187; hniginn á aldr, advanced in years, Orkn. 216; ungr at aldri, in youth, Fms. iii. 90; á léttasta aldri, in the prime of life, v. 71; á gamals aldri, old, iii. 71; á tvítugs, þrítugs aldri, etc.; hálfþrítugr at aldri, twenty-five years of age, Eg. 84; vera svá aldrs kominn, at that time of life, Fs. 4; hafa aldr til e-s, to be so old, be of age, Fms. i. 30; ala aldr, to live, v. ala, Fs. 146; allan aldr, during the whole of one’s life, Ver. 45; lifa langan a., to enjoy a long life, Nj. 252.
aldr
2. old age, senectus; aldri orpinn, decrepid, lit. overwhelmed by age, Fms. iv. 233, xi. 21; vera við aldr, to be advanced in years.
aldr
3. manns aldr is now used = generation; lifa marga manns aldra, to outlive many generations: sometimes denoting a period of thirty to thirty-three years.
aldr
4. seculum, aevum, an age, period; the time from the creation of the world is divided into six such ages (aldrar) in Rb. 134: cp. öld.
aldr
5. eternity; in the phrase, um aldr, for ever and ever; mun ek engan mann um aldr (no man ever) virða framar en Eystein konung, meðan ek lifi, as long as I live, Fms. vii. 147, Th. 25; af aldri, from times of yore, D. n. ii. 501; um aldr ok æfi, for ever and ever,l. 251, n. G. l. i. 41.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᛚᛏᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
pl.
plural.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
etc.
et cetera.
n.
neuter.
v.
vide.
lit.
literally.
cp.
compare.
L.
Linnæus.

Works & Authors cited:

Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Ver.
Veraldar Saga. (E. II.)
Rb.
Rímbegla. (H. III.)
D. N.
Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
Gþl.
Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Th.
Theophilus. (F. III.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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