Afl

Old Norse Dictionary - afl

Meaning of Old Norse word "afl" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

afl Old Norse word can mean:

afl
m. [Grimm mentions an O. H. G. aval; abal is a dub. άπ. λεγ. in A. S. poetry, Ormul. avell]
afl
1. strength, esp. physical force; afreksmaðr at afli ok áræði, Eg. 1; styrkr at afli, FmS. i. 19; ramr at afli, 155; fullkominn at afli ok hyggju, bodily and mental vigour, Ld. 256; stillt þú þó vel aflinu, at þú verðir eigi kendr, Nj. 32; hafa afl til e-s, be a match for, be able to do,l. 411.
afl
β. virtue; afl dauðfærandi grasa, virtue of poisonous herbs, 623. 26.
afl
2. metaph. strength, power, might, Th. 19.
afl
3. a law term, force, validity; dæmdu vér þetta boð Bjarna úlögligt ok ekki afl hafa, void, Dipl. iii. 3.
afl
4. a law term, majority, odds, in the phrase, ok skal afl ráða, plurima vota valeant; ef gerðarmenn (umpires) verða eigi ásáttir ok skal a ráða, Grág. i. 493; nú verða fjórðungsmenn eigi ásáttir, þá skal afl ráða með þeim, i. l, cp. 44, 531 (where it is used of a jury); en ef þeir verða eigi ásáttir er í lögréttu sitja hvat þeir vilja lofa eðr í lög leiða, þá skolu þeir ryðja lögréttu (viz. divide) ok skal ráða a. með þeim, Nj. 150.
afl
5. force, violence; taka með afli, Stj. 4. 30; bjóða e-m afl, BS. ii. 106.
afl
COMPDS: aflsmunr, aflsraun.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠᛚ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
dub.
dubious.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
Ormul.
Ormulum.
S.
Saga.
esp.
especially.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
pl.
plural.
cp.
compare.
viz.
namely.
n.
neuter.

Works & Authors cited:

Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Gþl.
Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Th.
Theophilus. (F. III.)
Dipl.
Diplomatarium. (J. I.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

Also available in related dictionaries:

This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.

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