Afi

Old Norse Dictionary - afi

Meaning of Old Norse word "afi" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

afi Old Norse word can mean:

afi
a, m. [cp. Lat. avus, Ulf. avô = μάμμα, and aba = ανήρ, vir], grandfather: it is now frequent, but occurs very rarely in old writers, who almost always use móðurfaðir or föðurfaðir. Yet it occurs in the poem Rm. 16—afi ok amma—and Vþm. 29, where it = föðurfaðir. It is curious to observe that in the poem Skm.—whence it is again transferred into the Grógaldr—it is used in the sense of a boy or a son; cp. as an illustration of this use the Norse phrase—D. N. iv. 848—afi eptir afa = son after father, man after man in uninterrupted succession, in accord- ance to the Gothic aba; Edda 108, Fms. iv. 288, vi. 346, xi. 6. We also say lang-afi, great-grandfather, and langamma, great-grandmother.
afi
COMPD: afasystir.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠᛁ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

cp.
compare.
f.
feminine.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

D. N.
Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Rm.
Rígsmál. (A. II.)
Skm.
Skírnis-mál. (A. I.)
Vþm.
Vafþrúðnis-mál. (A. I.)
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