As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:
afi Old Norse word can mean:
- a, m. [cp. Lat. avus, Ulf. avô = μάμμα, and aba = ανήρ, vir], grandfather: it is now frequent, but occurs very rarely in old writers, who almost always use móðurfaðir or föðurfaðir. Yet it occurs in the poem Rm. 16—afi ok amma—and Vþm. 29, where it = föðurfaðir. It is curious to observe that in the poem Skm.—whence it is again transferred into the Grógaldr—it is used in the sense of a boy or a son; cp. as an illustration of this use the Norse phrase—D. N. iv. 848—afi eptir afa = son after father, man after man in uninterrupted succession, in accord- ance to the Gothic aba; Edda 108, Fms. iv. 288, vi. 346, xi. 6. We also say lang-afi, great-grandfather, and langamma, great-grandmother.
- COMPD: afasystir.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠᛁ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements
Works & Authors cited:
- D. N.
- Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
- Edda. (C. I.)
- Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
- Rígsmál. (A. II.)
- Skírnis-mál. (A. I.)
- Vafþrúðnis-mál. (A. I.)
Also available in related dictionaries:
This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages descending from Old Norse.