Af-rað

Old Norse Dictionary - af-rað

Meaning of Old Norse word "af-rað" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

af-rað Old Norse word can mean:

af-rað
afráð, afroð, and afhroð, n. (FaS. iii. 169), [cp. Swed. afrad; from roð, rud, fundus, ager (?)].
af-rað
I. prop, a Norse and Swedish law term, tribute, ground tax, payable to the king; a. ok landaura, n. G. L. i. 257, D. n. iii. 408. So also in Vsp. 27, hvárt skyldu æsir a. gjalda, where it is opp. to gildi, league.
af-rað
II. metaph. loss, damage,
af-rað
1. in the phrase, gjalda a., to pay a heavy fine, suffer a great loss; en þat a. munu vér gjalda, at margir munu eigi kunna frá at segja hvárir sigrast, there will be so heavy a loss in men, such a havoc in killed, Nj. 197 (where most MSS. read afroð, some afrað, Ed. afrauð); töluðu þeir opt um málaferlin, sagði Flosi, at þeir hefði mikit a. goldit þegar, 254 (MSS. afrað, afroð, and afhroð); Lýtingr mun þykjast áðr mikit a. goldit hafa í láti bræðra sinna, 155 (MSS. afrað, afroð, and afhroð), FmS. x. 324.
af-rað
2. in the phrase, göra mikit a., to make a great havoc; görði hann mikit afhroð í sinni vörn, great slaughter, FaS. iii. 169: cp. Lex. Poët.
af-rað
3. advice, Vtkv. 5; the verse is spurious and the meaning false.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠ-ᚱᛅᚦ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

cp.
compare.
n.
neuter.
Swed.
Swedish.
L.
Linnæus.
opp.
opposed.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
S.
Saga.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
D. N.
Diplomatarium Norvagicum. (J. II.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Vsp.
Völuspá. (A. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Vtkv.
Vegtams-kviða. (A. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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