Af-burðr

Old Norse Dictionary - af-burðr

Meaning of Old Norse word "af-burðr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

af-burðr Old Norse word can mean:

af-burðr
m. (also spelt abb-), odds, balance, bias, success (cp. bera af, to prevail); kvað honum eigi annat vænna til afburðar, in order to get the better of it, Sd. 166; sá hann at engi varð afburðrinn, they fought ‘aequo Marte,’ Sturl. ii. 74; hann ætlaði sér afburð, he meant to keep the odds in his own hand, Ísl. ii. 450; skal nú faraí haustvíking, ok vilda ek, at hon yrði eigi með minnum afburðum, less glorious, Orkn. 464.
af-burðr
II. gen. sing. and pl. afburðar-, a-, freq. used as a prefix in some COMPDS with the notion of gloriously, with distinction. afburðar-digr, adj. very thick, biðr. 24. afburða-fræknligr, adj. very gallant, Ísl. ii. 369. afburðar-járn, n. excellent iron, Fms. x. 173. afburðar-maðr, m. a man of mark, Rb. 316, Orkn. 474, Grett. 133, Finnb. 318. afburðar-mikill, adj. conspicuous, Fms. v. 181. afburðar-skip, n. a fine ship, Fas. iii. 106. afburðar-vel, adv. very well, Hkr. ii. 265, Fms. ix. 515. afburðar-vænn, adj. very fine, Fas. i. 182.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚠ-ᛒᚢᚱᚦᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

cp.
compare.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
adj.
adjective.
adv.
adverb.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
gen.
genitive.
pl.
plural.
sing.
singular.
s. v.
sub voce.
v.
vide.

Works & Authors cited:

Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Sd.
Svarfdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Finnb.
Finnboga Saga. (D. V.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grett.
Grettis Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Rb.
Rímbegla. (H. III.)
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