Aðal

Old Norse Dictionary - aðal

Meaning of Old Norse word "aðal" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

aðal Old Norse word can mean:

aðal
[O. H. G. adal, genus; cp. also A. S. éðele, nobilis; Old Engl. and Scot. ethel; Germ. edel; eðla- and eðal- came from mod. Dan. into Icel. aðall, nobility. It does not occur in old writings in this sense.]
aðal
I. n. nature, disposition, inborn native quality, used only in poetry; jóðs a., childish, Ýt. 13; ósnotrs aðal, foolish, insipid, Hm. 106; args a., dastardly, LS. 23, 24; drengs a., noble, Km. 23; ódyggs a., bad, Hsm. 19. 2. in the sense of offspring; aðul Njarðar (where it is n. pl.?), the gods, the offspring of Njord, Hallfred in a poem, vide FS. 59.
aðal
II. used in a great many COMPDS, chief-, head-. aðal-akkeri, n. sheet-anchor, FmS. x. 130:
aðal
β. metaph., BS. i. 756. aðal-bjórr, s, m. prime beaver skin, Eb. (in a verse). aðal-borinn, part., v. óðalborinn. aðal-ból, n. a manor-house, farm inhabited by its master, opp. to tenant farms, Grág. (Kb.) ii. 150; also the name of a farm, Hrafn. 4. aðal-festr, f., v. alaðsfestr. aðal-fylking, f. main force, main body, Hkr. ii. 361. aðal-haf, n. the main, FmS. iv. 177. aðal-henda, u, f., v. alhenda. aðal-hending, f. full, complete rhymes, such as allhall, opp. to skot-hending, q. v., Edda (Ht.) aðal-hendr, adj. verse in full rhyme, Edda, id. aðal-kelda, u, f. chief well, Karl. 442. aðal-kirkja, ju, f. chief part of a church, viz. choir and nave, opp. to forkirkja, Sturl. ii. 59. aðalliga, adv. completely, thoroughly; a. dauðr, quite dead, 656 C. 31, FmS. ii. 313; a. gamall, quite old, iii. 171. aðal-mein, n. great pain, FmS. vi. (in a verse), aðal-merki, n. the head-standard, Pr. 177. aðal-ritning, f. chief writing, SkS. 13. aðal-skáli, a, m. the chief apartment of a skáli, the hall, as distinguished from a forhús, Eb. 43. aðal-tré, n. trunk of a tree; eigi munu kvistir betri en a. (a proverb), FmS. iv. 33. aðal-troll, n. downright ogre, FaS. iii. 179. aðal-túlkr, s, m. chief advocate, BS. i. 445. aðal-túpt, f. esp. in pl. ir = óðals-toptir, the ground on which a manor-bouse is built, toft of an allodial farm (Norse), flytja hús af aðaltóptum, remove it, n. G. l. i. 379.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚦᛅᛚ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
cp.
compare.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
S.
Saga.
Scot.
Scottish.
pl.
plural.
adj.
adjective.
adv.
adverb.
esp.
especially.
f.
feminine.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
L.
Linnæus.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
opp.
opposed.
part.
participle.
q. v.
quod vide.
v.
vide.
viz.
namely.

Works & Authors cited:

Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Hm.
Hává-mál. (A. I.)
Hsm.
Hugsvinns-mál. (A. III.)
Km.
Kráku-mál. (A. III.)
Ls.
Loka-senna. (A. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Hrafn.
Hrafnkels Saga. (D. II.)
Ht.
Hátta-tal. (C. I.)
Karl.
Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
Kb.
Konungs-bók. (B. I, C. I, etc.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
Back