Fjall

Old Norse Dictionary - fjall

Meaning of Old Norse word "fjall" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

fjall Old Norse word can mean:

fjall
n., pl. fjöll, [a Scandin. word, Swed. fjäll, Dan. fjæld, but wanting in the Germ. and Saxon, not even used in the Ormul., but freq. in North. E. and Scot., where it is of Dan. origin]:—a fell, mountain, Nj. 25, Hkr. i. 228, Grett. 149, in endless instances: in the phrase, það gengr fjöllunum hæra, it mounts higher than the fells, cries to heaven, of injustice: in allit. phrases, fjöll og firnindi, fells and deserts (vide finnerni); fjall eðr fjörðr, fells or firths, Hm. 117, n. G. l. i. 117: the pl. fjöll is used of a mountain with many peaks, Eyja-fjöll, Vaðla-fjöll, Hafnar-fjöll, Fbr.; but Akra-fjall, Fagraskógar-fjall, of a single mountain: the pl. is also used of a chain of mountains, thus, Alpa-fjöll, the Alps; Pyrenea-fjöll, the Pyrenees; but Dofra-fjall, the Dofra range in Norway: in biblical names it is usually prefixed, e. g. fjallið Sinaí, fjallið Horeb, etc.; but also Gilboa-fjöll, Sam. Sálm. 2. 1, prob. for the sake of euphony: fjall is also used κατ΄ εξ., and as a pr. noun, of the Alps, in the phrase, fyrir norðan fjall, i. e. Germany north of the Alps; sunnan um fjall, i. e. Italy; the German emperor is called keisari fyrir norðan fjall, Fms. ix. 229, x. 101, Landn. 24, Fas. i. 223; Norway is also divided into sunnan fjall (i. e. Dofre) and norðan fjall; in mod. Norse, Norden-fjælds og Sönden-fjælds, Fms. x. 3.
fjall
COMPDS: fjallabak, fjalladalr, fjallafé, fjallagol, fjallagrös, fjallaklofi, fjallalæða, fjallasýn, fjallatindr, fjallsbrún, fjallshlíð, fjallshyrna, fjallshæðir, fjallsmúli, fjallsrætr, fjallsöxl.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚠᛁᛅᛚᛚ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

allit.
alliteration, alliterative.
Dan.
Danish.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
etc.
et cetera.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Germ.
German.
i. e.
id est.
l.
line.
L.
Linnæus.
lit.
literally.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
North. E.
Northern English.
Ormul.
Ormulum.
pl.
plural.
pr.
proper, properly.
prob.
probably.
Scandin.
Scandinavia, Scandinavian.
Scot.
Scottish.
Swed.
Swedish.

Works & Authors cited:

Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Fbr.
Fóstbræðra Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Grett.
Grettis Saga. (D. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Hm.
Hává-mál. (A. I.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
N. G. L.
Norges Gamle Love. (B. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

Back