Falda

Old Norse Dictionary - falda

Meaning of Old Norse word "falda" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

falda Old Norse word can mean:

falda
in old writers this word (if used in sense II) always follows the strong form and is declined like halda, viz. pret. félt, Landn. 166, vide Lex. poët. passim, pl. féldu; pres. sing. feld; imperat. falt; pret. subj. féldi, Orkn. (in a verse); part, faldinn; but in signf. I (to fold) it is weak (faldar, faldaði), though it seldom occurs in old writers in this sense: in mod. usage the weak form only is used: [Ulf. falþan = πτύσσειν in Luke iv. 20. to fold or close the book; A. S. fealdan; Engl. to fold; Germ. falten; Dan. folde; Swed. fålla; Fr. fauder; cp. Lat. plicare]:—to fold, with acc.:
falda
I. gener. to fold; ek skal f. hana saman, I shall fold her up, Str. 9; tók hón þá skyrtuna ok faldaði saman, id.; sem hón hafði saman faldat, id.; f. fald eptir, to unfold a fold, id.; at engi mundi þann fald aptr f., id.; ef hón gæti aptr faldat skyrtu þína, 13.
falda
β. to hem; falda dúk, klút, etc., to hem a towel, kerchief, or the like; cp. faldaðr, ófaldaðr.
falda
II. esp. to hood or cover the head, chiefly used of ladies wearing the fald, q. v.:
falda
α. with acc. of the person, dat. of the dress; ek mun falda þik með höfuðdúki, Nj. 201; at hón hefði nú faldit sik við motrinum, Ld. 210; Brandr var faldinn, B. was hooded as a lady, FS. 109; Hildr Eyvindar-dóttir félt honum, H. hooded him, 194 (Ed. fylgði wrongly); at hón hefði nú faldit (Ed. wrongly faldat) sik við motrinum, that she had hooded herself with the motr, Ld. 210; mundi Guðrún ekki þurfa at falda sik motri til þess, at sama betr en allar konur aðrar, id.; hennar höfut er faldit þremr skautum, her head is hooded in three sheets (hence skauta-faldr), Mar. 48 (Fr.)
falda
β. with dat. of the person; þá segir Hrefna, at hón vill falda sér við motrinn (better motrinum), Ld. 192; ef maðr feldr sér til vélar við konu, eðr ferr hann í kvennklæði, if a man hoods his head wilily mocking a woman, Grág. i. 338 (liable to the lesser outlawry); f. þér við höfuðdúki, Nj. l. c., v. l.; aldri hefi ek frétt at konur féldi höfuðdúkum, Orkn. (in a verse); ek félt hjálmi, I covered my head in a helmet, Sighvat.
falda
γ. the phrases, falda sítt, to hood the head so that the eyes and face cannot be seen; far á meðal kvenna, ok falt þér sítt, at ekki verðir þú kend, Post. 656 B. 11; brúðirnar falda sítt, svá at úgerla má sjá þeirra yfirlit, FmS. xi. 106; enn fyrsta aptan hafa brúðirnar síð-faldit, Jv. 29 (Ed. 1824); sú (kona) hafði sítt faldit, FmS. vii. 161, cp. Gen. xxxviii. 14; falda hátt, to wear a tall fald, cp. Eb. 136 (in a verse); falda blá, or svörtu, to hood the head in black, to mourn, Ísl. ii. 351 (in a verse): the metaph. phrase, f. rauðu, to hood the head in red, to die a bloody death, Landn. l. c.
falda
2. part. faldinn, used as adj. hooded, mod. faldaðr, hooded, bordered, hemmed, etc., in compds, eld-faldinn, hooded with flames, poët. epithet of the foaming waves, Lex. poët.; hjálmi faldinn, hooded with a helmet (poët.), Hkv. 1. 47; járn-faldinn, iron-hooded, helmed, Eb. 208 (in a verse): hag-faldin, hooded with hedges, poët. epithet of the goddess Earth, FmS. vi. 140 (in a verse); hvít-faldin, white-hooded, of glaciers or foaming waves, Snót 12, 16.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚠᛅᛚᛏᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
cp.
compare.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Fr.
French in etymologies.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
imperat.
imperative.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
pl.
plural.
pres.
present.
pret.
preterite.
S.
Saga.
sing.
singular.
subj.
subjunctive.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
v.
vide.
viz.
namely.
gener.
generally.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
etc.
et cetera.
esp.
especially.
q. v.
quod vide.
dat.
dative.
l. c.
loco citato.
v. l.
varia lectio.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
adj.
adjective.
part.
participle.
poët.
poetically.

Works & Authors cited:

Fr.
Fritzner’s Dictionary, 1867.
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Str.
Strengleikar. (G. II.)
Fs.
Forn-sögur. (D. II.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Mar.
Maríu Saga. (F. III.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Jv.
Jómsvíkinga Saga. (E. I.)
Post.
Postula Sögur. (F. III.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Snót
Snót, poems.
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

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