Eta

Old Norse Dictionary - eta

Meaning of Old Norse word "eta" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

eta Old Norse word can mean:

eta
proncd. éta; pret. át, pl. átu; pres. et, proncd. iet, Greg. 82; part. etið; pret. subj. æti; imperat. et; [Lat. ĕdere; Gr. ἔδειν; Ulf. ïtan; A. S. and Hel. etan; Engl. eat; O. H. G. ezan; mod. Germ. essen; Swed. äta; Dan. æde]:—to eat, Grág. ii. 347; sem þú mátt vel e., Nj. 75; e. dagverð, Ld. 10; þar’s ek hafða eitt etið, Hm. 66; e. kjöt, Greg. l. c.; at engi er hér sá inni er skjótara skal eta mat sinn en ek, Edda 31 (hence fljót-ætinn, sein-ætinn, rash or slow eating); át hvárrtveggi sem tíðast, id.; Logi hafði ok etið slátr allt, id.; et mat þinn, tröll. FaS. iii. 179.
eta
2. metaph. to eat, consume; eigu at eta alla aura ómagans sem hann sjálfr, Grág. i. 288; eyddir ok etnir, FmS. xi. 423; sorg etr hjarta, sorrow eats the heart, Hm. 122; etandi öfund, consuming envy, Str.; Gyðingar átusk innan er þeir heyrðu þetta, the Jews fretted inwardly on hearing this, 656 C. 17.
eta
β. medic., 655 xxx. 8.
eta
γ. the phrase, eta orð sín, to eat one’s own words, Karl. 478; or, eta ofan í sig aptr, id., of liars or slandererS.
eta
δ. the dubious proverb, úlfar eta annars eyrendi, wolves eat one another’s fare or prey, Ld. 92; and recipr., etask af úlfs munni, to tear one another as wolves, Ísl. ii. 165; ok hefir mér farit sem varginum, þeir eta þar (etask?) til er at halanum kemr ok finna eigi fyrr. Band. 12, where MS.—þat ætla ek at mér verði vargsins dæmi, þeir finnask eigi fyrr at en þeir hafa etisk ok þeir koma at halanum, 26: as to this proverb cp. also the allusion, Hðm. 30: the mod. turn is—úlfr rekr annars erindi, so used by HallGr.—annars erindi rekr úlfr og löngum sannast það—and so in paper MSS. of Ld. l. c., but prob. a corruption.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛁᛏᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Gr.
Greek.
Hel.
Heliand.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
imperat.
imperative.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
l. c.
loco citato.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
part.
participle.
pl.
plural.
pres.
present.
pret.
preterite.
proncd.
pronounced.
S.
Saga.
subj.
subjunctive.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
medic.
medicine, medically.
cp.
compare.
pr.
proper, properly.
prob.
probably.
recipr.
reciprocally.

Works & Authors cited:

Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Greg.
Gregory. (F. II.)
Hm.
Hává-mál. (A. I.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Str.
Strengleikar. (G. II.)
Karl.
Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
Band.
Banda-manna Saga. (D. II.)
Hallgr.
Hallgrímr Pétrsson.
Hðm.
Hamðis-mál. (A. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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