Dýrr

Old Norse Dictionary - dýrr

Meaning of Old Norse word "dýrr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

dýrr Old Norse word can mean:

dýrr
adj., compar. dýrri, superl. dýrstr, mod. more freq. dýrari, dýrastr; dyröztum, Fb. i. 211: [Ulf. does not use this word, but renders εντιμος etc. by reiks or svêrs; A. S. deore; Engl. dear; Dan. and Swed. dyr; O. H. G. tiuri; Germ. theuer]:—dear:
dýrr
1. of price, of such and such a price: referring to the weregild, at sá maðr sé vel dýrr, Hrafn. 9; fésætt svá mikla, at engi maðr hafi dýrri verit hér á landi enn Höskuldr, i. e. that there has never before been paid so high a weregild as for Hoskuld, Nj. 189; munu þat margir ætla at hann muni dýrstr gerr af þeim mönnum er hér hafa látizt, 250; dýrr mundi Hafliði allr, Sturl. i. 47: of other things, ek met hana dýrra en aðrar, I put her at a higher price than the rest, Ld. 30; hversu dýr skal sjá kona, how much is she to cost? id.; kaupa dýru verði, to buy dearly, at a high price; þér eruð dýru verði keyptir, 1 Cor. vi. 20.
dýrr
2. precious, costly; bókina dýru, FmS. vii. 156; skjöldinn þann inn dýra, Eg. 698: enn Dýri dagr, vide dagr, Ann. 1373, Mar. 96; eigi var annarr (gripr) dýrri í Noregi, FaS. ii. 65; því betr sem gull er dýrra en silfr, Ld. 126; dýrar hallir, lordly halls, Rm. 45; enn dýri mjöðr, the nectar, the godly mead, viz. the poetical mead of the gods, Hm. 106; hence dýr-gripr, a jewel.
dýrr
β. as a metrical term; enn Dýri háttr, the artificial metre, Edda 131: hence the phrase, kveða dýrt, to write in an artificial metre; dýrr bragr, bragar-háttr, an artificial air, tune, opp. to a plain one.
dýrr
γ. ó-dýrr, common, Lex. poët., mod. cheap: fjöl-d., glorious, and many other poët. compds: the proverb, dýrt er drottins orð, vide dróttinn.
dýrr
δ. of high worth, worthy; en dýra drottning María, Mar. 18; Abraham er kallaðr dýrstr (the worthiest) allra höfuðfeðra, Ver. 12; skatna dýrstr, the best of men, Edda, Ht. 82; Jón Loptsson, er dýrstr maðr er á landi þessu, Sturl. i. 105; at því er at gæta við hversu dýran mann (noble, worthy man) þú átt málaferli, 33; af hinum dýrustum höfðingjum, Fb. l. c.: dýrr is not used in Icel. in the exact Engl. sense of beloved.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚢᚱᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

adj.
adjective.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
compar.
comparative.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
f.
feminine.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
S.
Saga.
superl.
superlative.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation
i. e.
id est.
viz.
namely.
opp.
opposed.
poët.
poetically.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l. c.
loco citato.

Works & Authors cited:

Fb.
Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Hrafn.
Hrafnkels Saga. (D. II.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Ann.
Íslenzkir Annálar. (D. IV.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Hm.
Hává-mál. (A. I.)
Mar.
Maríu Saga. (F. III.)
Rm.
Rígsmál. (A. II.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Ht.
Hátta-tal. (C. I.)
Ver.
Veraldar Saga. (E. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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