Drífa

Old Norse Dictionary - drífa

Meaning of Old Norse word "drífa" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

drífa Old Norse word can mean:

drífa
pret. dreif, pl. drifu; pres. dríf; pret. subj. drifi; part. drifinn: [Ulf. dreiban = εκβάλλειν; A. S. drîfan; Engl. drive; O. H. G. triban; mod. Germ. treiben; Swed. drifva; Dan. drive, all in a transitive sense—to drive.]
drífa
I. to drive like spray, either perS. or imperS., with dat. or even neut.; þá kemr áfall mikit … ok dreif yfir búlkann, BS. i. 422; lauðri dreif á lypting útan, the spray drove over the poop, FmS. vi. (in a verse); hence metaph. phrases, láta yfir d., to let drift before wind and wave, Ísl. ii. 461: or even reflex., láta yfir (fyrir) drífask, to let drive or drift away, let go, give in; rán ok útlegðir þeirra manna er eigi létu fyrir drífask, Fb. i. 70; þat dugir á enga leið, at menn láti yfir drífask, BS. ii. 51; ok er þó þat ráð, at láta eigi fyrir drífask, Karl. 386, 452: allit. phrase, drífa á dagana, e. g. mart hefir drifit á dagana, many things (splashes) have happened; drifinn döggu, besprent with dew, Vtkv. 5: naut., róa drífanda, to pull so that the spray splashes about, pull hard, FmS. viii. 263, 431: to drift, of a snow storm or the like, tré með drífandum kvistum, a tree with the branches full of snow. SkS. 49; veðr var drífanda, it snowed, Sturl. iii. 50, Ó. H. 85; þegar dreif í Löginn krömmu, there fell soft snow in the Lake, i. e. it began to sleet, FmS. v. 196; þá drífr snær ór öllum áttum, Edda 40: metaph. of missiles, to shower as flakes of snow, borgarmena láta þegar d. skot á þá, Al. 11; lata þeir d. vápn á þá, Fb. i. 135.
drífa
II. neut. to crowd, throng; þá drífr ofan mannfjöldi mikill til strandar, a great crowd rushed down to the shore, Ld. 76; tóku menn þá at d. brott frá hertoganum, the men began to desert (run away) from the duke, FmS. ix. 531, dreif allt fólk á hans fund, all people rushed to see him, i. 21, iv. 105; d. á dyrr, to rush to the door, Vkv. 19.
drífa
III. to perform; eiga e-t at d., to have a thing to perform,l. 15, 16; en í annan stað á ek at d. mikinn vanda, I am in a hard strait, FmS. i. 221; d. leik, to play, FaS. i. 37: the sense to drive out, expel, so common in all other Teut. dialects, hardly occurs in old writers, and sounds foreign even now; the proverb, með íllu skal illt út drífa; d. sig, to exert oneself, etc., (cant phraseS.)

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚱᛁᚠᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
mod.
modern.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
part.
participle.
pl.
plural.
pres.
present.
pret.
preterite.
S.
Saga.
subj.
subjunctive.
Swed.
Swedish.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
allit.
alliteration, alliterative.
dat.
dative.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
i. e.
id est.
impers.
impersonal.
lit.
literally.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
neut.
neuter.
naut.
nautical.
pers.
person.
reflex.
retlexive.
s. v.
sub voce.
v.
vide.
etc.
et cetera.
Teut.
Teutonic.

Works & Authors cited:

Al.
Alexanders Saga. (G. I.)
Bs.
Biskupa Sögur. (D. III.)
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
Fb.
Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Karl.
Karla-magnús Saga. (G. I.)
Ó. H.
Ólafs Saga Helga. (E. I.)
Sks.
Konungs Skugg-sjá. (H. II.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
Vtkv.
Vegtams-kviða. (A. I.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Vkv.
Völundar-kviða. (A. II.)
Fas.
Fornaldar Sögur. (C. II.)
Gþl.
Gulaþings-lög. (B. II.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary
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