Deila

Old Norse Dictionary - deila

Meaning of Old Norse word "deila" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

deila Old Norse word can mean:

deila
d, [Goth. dailjan and ga-dailjan = μερίζειν, μεταδιδόναι, διαιρεθν, etc.; A. S. dælan; Engl. to deal; Germ. theilen; O. H. G. tailjan; Swed. dela; Dan. dele.]
deila
I. with acc. (never dat.), to deal, divide; the phrase, vilja bæði kjósa ok deila, will both choose and deal, of unfair dealing, a metaphor taken from partners, e. g. fishermen, where one makes the division into shares (deilir), and the others choose (kjósa) the shares they like best, Ld. 38; deildr hlutr, a dealt lot. i. e. share dealt or allotted to one, Grág. i. 243; d. e-m e-t, to allot one a thing, to deal out to one, ii. 294: deila dögurð, d. mat (in mod. usage skamta), to deal out portions of food in a household, Ísl. ii. 337; sér at þar var manni matr deildr, Gísl. 47; þú kunnir aldregi d. mönnum mat, LS. 46: þá er maðr á brot heitinn ef honum er eigi deildr matr á malum, Grág. i. 149; cp. the proverb, djarfr er hver inn deildan verð; d. fé, Skm. 22; d. bauga, Rm. 20; d. e-t út, to deal out, give, FmS. xi. 434.
deila
2. of places, to divide, bound; fírðir deila, the firths are the boundaries, Grág. ii. 217; vatnsföll (rivers) d. til sjávar. Eg. 131: sva vítt sem vatnsföll deila til sjávar, Landn. 57. K. Þ. K. 34.
deila
β. used imperS. as it seems; deilir norðr vatnsföllum, Ísl. ii. 345; fjöll þau er vatnsföll deilir af milli héraða, the fells that divide the waters, form the water-shed, between the counties, Grág. i. 432; þar er víkr deilir, Hlt.
deila
3. metaph. to distinguish, discern; eptir þat sá sól, ok máttu þá d. ættir, after that the sun broke forth, and they could discern the airts (of heaven), Fb. i. 431, FmS. iv. 38; deila liti, to discern colours (lit-deili), hence the proverb, eigi deilir litr kosti (acc. pl.), colour (i. e. look, appearance) is no sure test, Nj. 78: metaph., d. víg, to act as umpire in a fight, tourney, or the like, LS. 22: we ought perh. to read deila (not bera) tilt með tveim, 38.
deila
4. various phrases, deila sér illan hlut af, to deal onself a had share in, to deal badly in a thing, Ld. 152: the phrase, e-t deilir máli (imperS.), it goes for a great deal, is of great importance, HS. 65, mod. usage skipta máli, miklu, etc.: d. mál, to deal with a thing, Hom. 34; d. mál e-s, to deal speech, to discuss or confer with one, Ó. H. 82 (in a verse): d. e-n málum, to deal, i. e. speak, confer, with one, Krók. 36 C: d. orðspeki við e-n, to deal, i. e. contend in learning with one,m. 55; rúnar, Rm. 42; eiga við e-t at d., to have to deal with a thing, FmS. viii. 288: the phrase, d. mál brotum, to deal piecemeal with a case, take a partial or false view of a thing, or is the metaphor taken from bad payment (in bauga-brot, q. v.)? Eb. 184; þeir hafa eigi deilt þetta mál brotum, i. e. they have done it thoroughly, have not been mistaken, Konr. 52: to share in a thing, d. kníf ok kjötstykki, to share knife and meat, Grág., Ísl. ii. 487: the phrase, d. hug, to ‘deal one’s mind,’ pay attention to, with a notion of deep concern and affliction; heil vertú Sváfa, hug skaltú d., thy heart shall thou cleave, Hkv. Hjörv. 40: deildusk hugir, svá at huskarlar héldu varla vatni, their minds were so distraught, that the house-carles could hardly forbear weeping, FmS. vi. (in a verse); hence a hardened man is called lítill skapdeildar maðr, (Hugdeila, mind’s concern, is the name of a poem of the 17th century): at þeir deildi enga úhæfu, that they should forbear dealing outrageously, FmS. i. 22; d. heiptir, to deal hatred, to hate (poët.), Hkv. 41: d. afli, ofríki við e-n, to deal harshly and overbearingly with one. FmS. i. 34; d. illyrðum, ill-deildum, to chide, abuse one another,v. 37, Ld. 158.
deila
II. neut. to be at feud, quarrel; the saying, sjaldan veldr einn þegar tveir deila; deili gröm við þig, Hkv. I. 43; ek bað flögð d. við þau, Sighvat: d. til e-s, to quarrel for a thing, Eg. 510: d. upp á e-n, to complain of one, Stj. 294. Exod. xvii. 2, ‘Why chide ye with me?’
deila
β. imperS., ef í þat deilir, if there be dissent on that point, Grág. ii. 125; ef í deilir með þeim, if they dissent, i. 58.
deila
2. d. um e-t, to contend about a thing, as a law term; þeir deildu (they had a lawsuit) um jarðir, FmS. iv. 201; þeir deildu um landaskipti, 315; þeir deildu um land þat er var …, Landn. 125; þeir deildu um leysingja-arf, 100, 101: metaph., d. um stafn, to come to a close fight, Orkn. 232.
deila
III. reflex. to spread, branch off; vatnsföll deilask milli héraða, Grág. ii. 218; svá víða sem hón (i. e. Christianity) deilisk um heim, Hom. 49.
deila
2. meðan mér deilisk lífit til, as long as life be dealt (i. e. granted) me, Fms, viii. 205; e-t deilisk af, a thing comes to pass, Hkr. iii. 55 (in a verse); kölluðu þeir, at lengi mundi vörn deilask af úti, that a long defence would be dealt out, i. e. there would be a long struggle, Sturl. i. 59, cp. the Goth. afdailjan = to pay off; hugr deilisk (vide above): þat mun oss drjúgt deilask, it will cost us dear, Am. 19.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᛁᛁᛚᛅ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
Dan.
Danish.
Engl.
English.
etc.
et cetera.
Germ.
German.
gl.
glossary.
Goth.
Gothic.
l.
line.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
O. H. G.
Old High German.
S.
Saga.
Swed.
Swedish.
acc.
accusative.
cp.
compare.
dat.
dative.
e. g.
exempli gratia.
i. e.
id est.
mod.
modern.
impers.
impersonal.
pers.
person.
metaph.
metaphorical, metaphorically.
perh.
perhaps.
pl.
plural.
v.
vide.
poët.
poetically.
q. v.
quod vide.
neut.
neuter.
reflex.
retlexive.

Works & Authors cited:

Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Gísl.
Gísla Saga. (D. II.)
Grág.
Grágás. (B. I.)
Ld.
Laxdæla Saga. (D. II.)
Ls.
Loka-senna. (A. I.)
Rm.
Rígsmál. (A. II.)
Skm.
Skírnis-mál. (A. I.)
Eg.
Egils Saga. (D. II.)
K. Þ. K.
Kristinn-réttr Þorláks ok Ketils = Kristinna-laga-þáttr. (B. I.)
Landn.
Landnáma. (D. I.)
Hlt.
Háleygja-tal. (A. II.)
Fb.
Flateyjar-bók (E. I.)
Nj.
Njála. (D. II.)
Eb.
Eyrbyggja Saga. (D. II.)
Háv.
Hávarðar Saga. (D. II.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Hkv. Hjörv.
Helga-kviða Hjörvarðssonar. (A. II.)
Hom.
Homiliu-bók. (F. II.)
Hs.
Harm-sol. (A. III.)
Konr.
Konráðs Saga. (G. III.)
Krók.
Króka Refs Saga. (D. V.)
Ó. H.
Ólafs Saga Helga. (E. I.)
Vþm.
Vafþrúðnis-mál. (A. I.)
Stj.
Stjórn. (F. I.)
Orkn.
Orkneyinga Saga. (E. II.)
Am.
Atla-mál. (A. II.)
Hkr.
Heimskringla. (E. I.)
Sturl.
Sturlunga Saga. (D. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

Back