Árr

Old Norse Dictionary - árr

Meaning of Old Norse word "árr" in English.

As defined by the Cleasby & Vigfusson Old Norse to English dictionary:

árr Old Norse word can mean:

árr
m. [Ulf. airus; Hel. eru; A. S. ar; cp. Icel. eyrindi, A. S. ærend, Engl. errand], a messenger; old gen. árar (as ásar from áss); dat. æri (FmS. xi. 144); acc. pl. áru, Hkv. 1. 21, Og. 25, Greg. 35, later ára; nom. pl. ærir, Pd. 35 (12th century), later árar, v. Lex. Poët.: very rare and obsolete in prose, except in a bad sense, but freq. in old poetry: also used in the sense of a servant, Lat. minister, famulus; konungs árr, Guðs árr, Lex. Poët.; Ásu úrr, Ýt. 25.
árr
2. theol., in pl.:
árr
α. the angels; Guð görir anda áru sína, Greg. 35; engla sveitir, þat eru ærir ok höfuð-ærir, id.
árr
β. evil spirits; now almost exclusively used in this sense; fjandinn ok hans árar, FmS. vii. 37; satan með sínum árum, ii. 137; cp. djöfli, viti, ár (dat.) og álf, öldin trúði sú, Snót 140.
árr
γ. used of the number eleven, ærir eru ellefu, Edda 108.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚱᚱ
Younger Futhark runes were used from 8th to 12th centuries in Scandinavia and their overseas settlements

Abbreviations used:

acc.
accusative.
A. S.
Anglo-Saxon.
cp.
compare.
dat.
dative.
Engl.
English.
f.
feminine.
freq.
frequent, frequently.
gen.
genitive.
gl.
glossary.
Hel.
Heliand.
Icel.
Iceland, Icelander, Icelanders, Icelandic.
l.
line.
Lat.
Latin.
m.
masculine.
n.
neuter.
nom.
nominative.
pl.
plural.
S.
Saga.
Ulf.
Ulfilas.
v.
vide.
theol.
theological, theologically.
id.
idem, referring to the passage quoted or to the translation

Works & Authors cited:

Fms.
Fornmanna Sögur. (E. I.)
Greg.
Gregory. (F. II.)
Hkv.
Helga-kviða Hundingsbana. (A. II.)
Lex. Poët.
Lexicon Poëticum by Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860.
Og.
Oddrúnar-grátr. (A. II.)
Pd.
Placidus-drápa. (A. III.)
Snót
Snót, poems.
Edda
Edda. (C. I.)
➞ See all works cited in the dictionary

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